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Monthly Archives: February 2018

What is Bordetella Pertussis?

Pertussis is a respiratory illness that is caused by the bacteria that is called Bordetella pertussis. The symptoms begin very similar to the common cold but over time they worsen and develop into a nasty cough that includes a very large ‘whoop’ or honk. This cough is caused by the bacteria attaching itself to the cilia that is within the lungs and upper respiratory system. As this bacteria multiplies it will release toxins into the body which will not only affect the cilia during the illness but it can cause permanent damage as well if you are not careful. Damage to the cilia can cause your airways to swell making it difficult to breathe and function. Medical attention is imperative if you suspect that you or your child has whooping cough.

How Is It Spread?

The thing about pertussis is that it is incredibly contagious to other humans of all ages. While an adult can handle pertussis typically quite well, very small children can suffer some pretty nasty symptoms during the duration of the illness. Like your average cold, pertussis is spread by a person coughing or sneezing. If you are within a small space with someone who has pertussis or you live with someone who has this illness it is very easy to pass from one person to the next. Babies easily get pertussis from their parents, caregivers or other children that they are in contact with. The germ can be passed before the patient is even symptomatic which can be dangerous since you may not even know a person has pertussis. The most contagious period takes place two weeks before the cough will begin. The common cold-like symptoms can be present during this time however.

Treatment

If pertussis is the cause of symptoms, an antibiotic can be given in order to rid the body of this dangerous bacteria. It may take twenty-four to forty-eight hours in order for the antibiotic to prevent passing the illness on though so proper care should be taken to try and protect others. If the illness has progressed, there are some other treatments that can help with the breathing difficulties that may be occurring. Albuterol and other steroid breathing treatments can help reduce inflammation and open up the airways. Doctors will also ensure, especially in small children, that the child is hydrated in order to prevent any complications from occurring.

Prevention

As with any illness it is important to practice good hand washing techniques whenever you are around someone who is sick or when you are out and about. It is wise to avoid contact with someone who you know has been diagnosed with pertussis recently and if you suspect someone is ill, you should avoid sharing a space with them. Don’t forget to get enough sleep at night and eat healthy so your body has the fighting chance it needs if it does come into contact with germs of any sort. There is a pertussis vaccine that you and your child can get to reduce your risk of getting this illness. If you have a newborn in the home and the child is still too young to get this vaccine, the parents and grandparents should get vaccinated in order to protect the young child along with any other children that may be living in the house at that time. However, a person who is up to date on their vaccines can still get pertussis.

If you or you child are sick, feel your symptoms are not getting any better, and are developing a substantial cough, then you may want to head to the doctor’s office and be tested for pertussis. It is better to be cautious before you or your small child develop complicated symptoms.

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What to Know About National Nutrition Month

It is National Nutrition Month and the purpose of this month is to bring awareness to a healthy lifestyle so people can make better food choices each meal. For someone like a nutritionist, it might be common knowledge how to make wise choices for breakfast, lunch and dinner each day but not everyone has this knowledge and for some people, they are doing the best that they can with the information that they have. Reaching out to people and arming them with the nutritional information that they need to be healthy and successful is important and getting people thinking about what they eat is the first step towards a big change across the country.

Let’s take a look at some basic nutritional tips that can help you look better, feel better and embrace a healthier lifestyle:

-Reduce Your Sugar Intake

While sugary beverages and treats are delightful, they aren’t good for you on a regular basis. Every once in awhile it is ok to have a slice of cake at a birthday party or indulge in a sweet treat as a reward for eating healthy all week but a daily intake of sugar can lead to obesity, diabetes and cancer. Being the most refined carbohydrate that there is, sugar is the most likely thing you can consume that will increase your overall BMI. Don’t waste your daily calorie count on soda or sports beverages. Natural sugars from fruit and such is fine in moderation and is actually good for you. When choosing a beverage aim for eight glasses of water per day and if you need a sweet treat, reach for that juicy apple instead of that candy bar.

-Lean Protein Every Meal

Protein is what your body utilizes in order to produce energy. Every one of your main meals should have a healthy amount of lean protein included and snacks can include protein as well. This will give you all of the energy you need each day to work, play and be healthy. You can get healthy and lean protein from things like skinless chicken breasts, nuts, milk and eggs. You should ideally consume about 20 to 30 grams of protein in each meal. If you’re dragging and feel tired often you may be low on protein.

-Increase Your Fiber Intake

If you want to feel more full and satisfied throughout the day you may want to increase your fiber intake. This will also help regulate your gastrointestinal tract and keep things healthy in that department. Fiber can be found in fruits and vegetables, seeds and such. Fiber isn’t digested by your body even though it is a carbohydrate. That’s why it is healthy for the body because it isn’t converted to unwanted sugars.

-Learn To Read Labels

A little knowledge on how to read nutritional labels can go a long way towards picking out healthy foods at the grocery store. You should try to keep sugar servings to the single digits and keep carbohydrates to a healthy minimum. This is also a great place to count calories and watch your saturated fats. Cholesterol can come in both healthy and unhealthy forms as well so be careful with choices. 

Lack of nutritional knowledge is very prevalent in our country these days and while it isn’t people’s own fault that they aren’t well versed in nutritional know-how, it helps to educate since many people are willing to learn something new. It doesn’t always include something involved like visiting your doctor or nutritionist (though these things can help). Sometimes just a bit of basic information goes a long way.

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What are Symptoms of Heart Disease?

Cardiovascular disease is an umbrella term used to describe a wide range of conditions that could affect your heart. It includes blood vessel illnesses like coronary artery disease, congenital heart defects (ones you’re born with) and heart rhythm problems (usually referred to as arrhythmias). In most occasions, the term “heart disease” is replaced with the term “cardiovascular disease.” Professionals define cardiovascular diseases as a general term for conditions that normally cause stroke, chest pain, or heart attack by either blocking or narrowing blood vessels. Heart disease can also be used to describe heart conditions affecting the rhythm, muscles or valves of your heart.

Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease

Chest pain (scientifically referred to as angina) is the most common symptom of a CAD. If you have angina, you will experience squeezing, aching, discomfort, burning, or heaviness in your chest. Most individuals mistake angina with heartburn or even indigestion. The difference with angina is that you will feel it in almost all areas of your body including your throat, shoulders, back, neck, jaws, and arms. Other symptoms include the following;

  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating
  • Irregular heartbeats (palpitations)
  • Dizziness or weakness
  • Faster heartbeat

Symptoms of a Heart Attack

The following symptoms might suggest that you’re suffering from a heart attack;

  • Irregular/rapid heartbeats
  • Sweating
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Indigestion, heartburn like feeling
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness or extreme weakness
  • Heaviness, pain, or pressure in the chest
  • Anxiety
  • Discomfort in the throat, jaw, arm, or back

These symptoms can occur for around half an hour or even longer and may not respond positively to oral medication or bed rest. The symptoms might appear as mild but escalate to severe pain after a while. If you have diabetes, you’re likely to experience myocardial infarction (MI) commonly referred to as “silent” because it’s a heart attack that doesn’t manifest any symptoms.

Symptoms of Heart Failure

Heart failure may manifest through the following symptoms;

  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Rapid weight gain
  • Cough (with white sputum)
  • Irregular/rapid heartbeats
  • Dizziness, nausea
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling in legs and ankles

It’s important to note that these symptoms may not necessarily indicate that your heart is weak. Instead, they may just be a warning that your heart function is mildly weakened. However, it’s possible to have a heart that is severely damaged yet have few or no symptoms at all.

Symptoms of Congenital Heart Diseases

These are heart defects that may be discovered before birth, immediately after birth, during childhood or adulthood. Some people have these defects but experience no symptoms whatsoever. Such people end up being diagnosed through a chest X-ray or even a physical exam. Congenital heart defects among adults showcase the following symptoms;

  • Limited ability to exercise
  • Shortness of breath
  • Other symptoms of valve disease or heart failure

Symptoms of the disease among children or infants include;

  • Poor weight gain/ feeding
  • Inability to exercise
  • Bluish tint on the lips, skin, or fingernails (cyanosis)
  • Cyclical lung infections
  • Fast breathing

There are many other conditions categorized as heart diseases such as Pericarditis, atherosclerotic disease (affecting blood vessels), Atrial Fibrillation, valvular heart disease, heart infections, Arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythm), and Heart Muscle Disease or dilated cardiomyopathy. All or most of these illnesses showcase similar symptoms.

Heart disease is very deadly and should be treated as an emergency. Heart diseases can be treated if detected early. Hence it’s crucial to consult a doctor as soon as you experience any symptoms to lessen the damage done to the most important muscle in your body; your heart. In case of emergences such as heart attacks, call 911.

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Tips to Help Control Life’s Stresses

Leading a stress-free life can be elusive in this day and age. Many factors exist that tend to cause different levels of stress. Such factors range from personal decisions to the surrounding environment. Regardless of your stage of life, it is handy to know how to go about the process of handling life’s stresses. Follow and implement the following tips.

Avoid Substance Abuse

Although this tip does not across all people, it would be handy to many others. Provided you are already using some kind of drugs or alcohol; it is necessary to cut that off your lifestyle. Continued use of drugs poses high chances of addiction. If you let that happen, you will end spending a big portion of your income buying drugs.

As a result, the whole process will become a vicious cycle. Instead of relieving, continued drug use will ultimately alleviate your stress levels as you lose your financial footing. To start with, one of the effective ways that would lead you to avoiding substance abuse is reducing the intake. In doing so, you would also want to receive professional assistance.

Get Enough Sleep

Ensuring that you get enough sleep is one of the ways you can use to manage and control life’s stresses. Fully relaxing during your sleep for the appropriate number of hours without any disruption will allow your body to relax and rejuvenate itself. Enjoying great sleeping hours requires you to ensure your bedroom is quiet and comfortable.

Preparing before sleeping is something you would also want to consider. Start by avoiding energy drinks or caffeine few hours before going to bed. At the same time, a shower or bath, or reading a book would relax and enhance your sleep. The other important aspect of having a meaningful sleep is maintaining a schedule.

Time Management

When you have a problem, the best way to deal with it is identifying and sorting out its root cause. From an analytical point of view, it is clear that poor time management usually leads to a lot of the life’s stresses. That idea points towards a clear solution. You need to plan out your days and tasks properly.

While coming up with a schedule, prioritize important tasks. If possible, you can go further by breaking down such tasks into blocks of manageable units. The approach will enable you to complete assigned tasks and avoid situations where tasks pile up and end overwhelming you.

Do Physical Exercises

A great deal of the life stresses that affect most people currently originate from their lifestyles regarding their daily physical activities. The number of individuals spend most of their working days seated all day with minimal physical activities. Such inactive bodies tend to produce stress-dealing hormones that are not good for the body.

As such, you can easily deal with that problem by engaging in regular physical activities or exercises for your body to metabolize the unnecessary stress hormones. In turn, you would end up refreshing your body, which leads to a relaxed and calm state of mind.

Healthy Eating

Always avoid taking solace in food whenever you are stressed. Instead, incorporate a healthy eating style at all times. Eating the wrong food or in excess amounts will still lead to other health complications that would only add up to your stress. Grains, vegetables, fruits, and lean protein should be constant portions in your food.

It is clear that you can handle life’s stresses. Having some sort of control over your life and keeping a positive attitude primarily summarize what you need. Ultimately, you will lead a happy and less stressful life.

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What Is Chemotherapy?

There are many different types of illnesses we should be aware of in order to prevent them. However, prevention may be too late if the illness is severe. Some illnesses can be treated by regular medicines while others are so serious a different type of treatment is needed such as chemotherapy.

What Is Chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy is known to be a method for treating for cancer. However, it can also be used in several types of illnesses such as lupus, multiple sclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Chemotherapy is the use of drugs that kill cancer cells. This can be administered in several ways such as through:

  • Intravenous Fluid
  • Injections
  • Pills
  • Liquid form
  • Topical Cream

Whatever the method is, the purpose of chemotherapy is to kill cancer cells. This won’t happen overnight as the ultimate objective is to kill the cells, there are three levels of treating cancer:

  • Palliation
  • Control
  • Cure

Palliation

When cancer has already grown malignant, many symptoms start showing. These symptoms are very inconvenient as most of them are painful. One example is infection that causes discomfort and pain. Through palliation, these symptoms such as infections and tumors can be treated separately to provide temporary relief.

This method doesn’t actually eliminate cancer nor weaken it. It focuses on immediate effects of cancer. Any kind of treatment that aims to reduce only the symptoms is called palliative care.

Control

Control is another method of treatment that does not also eliminate cancer. In this method, it may be considered during a particular stage when the cancer starts spreading. The purpose of the control method is to contain and reduce the growth of the illness in order to prevent further symptoms.

Just like diabetes and heart diseases, cancer also has a control stage where patients take some maintenance pills. There are times that the cancer seems to have gone away because there are no more symptoms present. However, it may come back in an instant without any warning. If this happens, a control chemotherapy will be performed again.

Cure

This method of chemotherapy may be obscure as the term “cure” is still theoretical. It means there is still no exact cure for cancer, but this method aims to cure it. It aims to kill and eliminate cancer.

This is possible in some cases especially at a very early stage. There are cases that cancer is cured on this method. However, there is always no guaranty that every cancer can be eliminated this way. This is why this method is called curative intent.

When to Start Chemotherapy?

If you suspect that you have cancer, it is recommended you look for cancer doctor called an oncologist. It is your oncologist who will determine the diagnosis and the proper treatment.

When your oncologist found that you have a cancer, they will then prescribe which combinations of medicine to use in a particular chemotherapy and which method of therapy should be used.

If your cancer is already malignant, your oncologist will ask you to undergo certain surgical operations to remove some tumors. However, if the stage is still early, the curative intent may be applied.

Conclusion

Chemotherapy is still the ultimate method of treatment for cancer. While research on cancers cure is still ongoing, this medical method proves helpful. However, not all patients can undergo this process because it is very expensive. If you have a cancer, it is better to immediately control it before you reach the palliative stage. Nevertheless, prevention is the best method.

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Understanding Celiac Disease

Celiac Disease is a genetic, digestive, autoimmune disorder that is characterized by damage to the small intestine when you consume gluten. Gluten is a protein found in barley, rye, and wheat. If you have Celiac Disease and ingest gluten, your body reacts with an immune response that attacks and eventually damages the villi in the small intestine. Villi are tiny, finger-shaped projections that line the small intestine and promote nutrient absorption. Malfunction of the villi can lead to malnutrition.

Diagnosis

Celiac Disease is diagnosed symptomatically, along with a blood test to look for a high level of certain antibodies and a biopsy of the small intestine. An estimated 1 out of every 100 people worldwide have the disease. It is also hereditary, so if you have a first-degree relative who has been diagnosed with it, your chances of developing the disease increases to approximately 1 out of 10.

Symptoms of Celiac Disease include:

  • Stomach pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Joint pain
  • Fatigue
  • Itchy skin rash
  • Weight loss

While Celiac Disease cannot be cured, it can be managed, so that you can go on to live a long, healthy life.

Treatment

There is only one treatment for Celiac Disease and that is to eat a gluten-free diet. Fortunately, there are many foods that are naturally gluten-free such as:

  • Fish
  • Poultry
  • Beef
  • Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Eggs
  • Nuts

There are also a growing number of gluten-free products that are being developed by manufacturers.

There is, however, a little bit more to managing Celiac Disease than just eliminating gluten from your diet. You also have to make sure you are getting the proper amount of nutrients and vitamins including:

  • Calcium
  • Iron
  • Folate
  • Niacin
  • Riboflavin
  • Thiamin
  • Fiber

Weight gain can also be a problem for you if you are treating Celiac Disease, because you are now absorbing more calories from your gluten-free food.

Life with Celiac Disease

There are several steps you can take to live more healthfully:

  • See a Registered Dietitian Nutritionist (RDN) – He or she can help you to understand what foods are safe to eat and what you should avoid. An RDN can also help you with meal planning and what to do when eating in a restaurant. They will also ensure that you are receiving the proper vitamins and nutrients from your gluten-free diet and help you maintain a healthy weight.
  • Try Alternate Grains – There are several grains that can be used in place of grains with gluten. These include: corn, rice, amaranth, sorghum, millet, quinoa and teff. There is also a large variety of plant foods and starches you can consume, such as: potato, buckwheat, flax, lentils, soy, tapioca, yucca, wild rice, and Indian rice grass. You can also speak to your grocer and ask for some of these alternatives to be put in stock. Most grocers will do their best to accommodate you.
  • Learn about Ingredients – Many foods contain gluten even if they are barley, rye, and wheat-free. For example, soy sauce, malt, and modified food starch all contain gluten. Most processed foods and condiments contain gluten, as well. If you have Celiac Disease, it is critical to start reading ingredient lists on labels.
  • Look for Gluten-Free Labels – While manufacturers are creating more and more gluten-free foods, if it doesn’t say gluten-free on the label, don’t purchase it. Something as seemingly innocuous as a rice mix can have traces of gluten in it.

While it may seem overwhelming at first, it can actually be fun to create your own gluten-free recipes. After awhile, you will know exactly what products you can enjoy to live a healthy, happy, productive life.

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Early Signs of Cancer Symptoms

No matter how healthy you are, it is important to be aware of the early signs and symptoms of cancer. This will enable you to prevent it or treat it as early as possible if you happen to have cancer. Moreover, your doctors can have solid information on your condition. In this way, a more accurate method of cancer treatment can be applied to cure it.

There are many signs and symptoms of cancers you should watch out for. Below are the ones both men and women should take note:

1. Pain

Pain is the most common symptom in many illnesses. But when it occurs, many people would suspect it to be associated with cancer, especially if the pain is unusual and excruciating.

There are different types of pains you can experience depending upon the type of cancer you have. If you have a brain tumor, you may experience a severe headache all the time. If you have testicular cancer or bone cancer, you will experience the pain right in the beginning stage of these cancers.

2. Weight Loss

Weight loss has several factors. There are some illnesses that can reduce your appetite for food. As a result, your reduced diet makes you lose weight. However, there are illnesses that can automatically make you lose weight quickly without affecting your diet. The most common of which is cancer.

Cancer consumes a lot of protein. This is because the immune system produces antibodies that also require these proteins. This process inside the body is constant, and it eventually depletes the fats and the protein in the body.

3. Fatigue

Fatigue is another symptom of cancer. Although it can also be a symptom of other illnesses, the fatigue of a cancer patient can experience is somewhat regular. There are times you feel so stressed you almost would like to vomit. Moreover, you will notice that you easily get tired even during even simple movements.

On the other hand, there are also times you seem so tired even without doing anything. This is probably because your heart pumps more frequently than normal.

4. Fever

Fever that occurs out of nothing means you have an infection inside your body that is growing and spreading. When your body is being attacked by bacterial or cancer infection, our body naturally fights them. Our immune system uses the available resources we have in our body. As a result, our body seems to feel stressed and weak. This condition also weakens our immune system in the long run, so we tend to suffer from fever.

5. Skin Degeneration

If you have cancer, your skin degenerates. It gets dry and pale, and you will also notice some moles, marks, or bumps. Your skin texture changes depending on the type of cancer you have. Some cancer patients notice their skin to be yellowish while others become red or hairy.

6. Sores

Sores do not automatically appear when you suffer from cancer. However, they don’t seem to heal when you accidentally have some. This is also the same case with diabetes. The reason behind it is that your antibodies are busy fighting the cancer cells. As a result, less and less antibodies are assigned to heal the sores.

Conclusion

Symptoms may vary from one person to another. In addition, some symptoms may be associated with another illness. Furthermore, every symptom has different levels or degrees of severity. The above signs and symptoms may help you determine whether or not you suffer from cancer. Nevertheless, it is recommended you consult your doctor if you experience such early signs and symptoms.

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5 Common Allergy Triggers

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Allergies can make a person miserable. If you have allergies, your eyes get itchy and watery, your nose gets runny and stuffy, you sneeze often, and it can be difficult to breathe. The best way to avoid allergy symptoms is to avoid the allergen altogether. There are several common allergy triggers that can make a person miserable.

#1 Pollen

Pollen is one of the most common allergens. When a person has a reaction from the pollen, they call it “hay fever.” Pollen comes from many different plants, and there are some days where pollen can be worse than others.

While there are times that you cannot avoid the pollen, there are a few things that you can do to prevent a serious reaction.

  • Stay indoors when the pollen count is high
  • Close the windows and use an air conditioner when the pollen count is high
  • Don’t hang your clothes outside to dry when pollen counts are high

There are a few different treatments if you are suffering from hay fever. Some of these treatments include:

  • Nasal spray
  • Antihistamines
  • Decongestants
  • Allergy tablets
  • Allergy shots

#2 Dust Mites

Dust mites live in dust, and they are so small that unless you look at the dust under a microscope, you won’t see them. The symptoms that you get from an allergy to dust mites are similar to that of pollen, however, you need to worry about the allergen all year long.

To treat the symptoms of a dust mite allergy, you should:

  • Use nasal spray
  • Take an antihistamine
  • Take a decongestant

To prevent the symptoms of dust mite allergies, you should do the following:

  • Use hypoallergenic pillows
  • Put dust mite covers over mattresses and box springs
  • Wash your sheet every week in hot water
  • Try to keep the home dust free

#3 Animal Dander

Animal dander is a very common allergy. Not only can you be allergic to the animal’s fur, you can also be allergic to the oil in their glands and their saliva. When you are allergic to animal dander, you could find yourself sneezing, congested, and the dander can cause itchy watery eyes.

To treat the allergy symptoms, you should:

  • Take an allergy pill
  • Get allergy shots
  • Use an antihistamine

In order to avoid the symptoms of being allergic to an animal, you should do the following:

  • If possible, avoid the animal that you are allergic to. If you want a dog, there are dogs with hypoallergenic hair that you can adopt.
  • Wash your pet once a week
  • Don’t allow your pet to sleep on your bed

#4 Food Allergies

Many people have a food allergy. Some have mild reactions, while other people have severe reactions. Some of the reactions include, hives, vomiting, diarrhea, wheezing or trouble breathing, swelling in the mouth. Some foods include milk, fish and shellfish, nuts, and eggs.

If you are allergic to any type of food, you should always have a shot containing epinephrine with you at all times. It could save your life.

#5 Mold

Mold are tiny spores that can float through the air. Mold thrives in dark, damp areas. They symptoms of a mold allergy are much like the symptoms of a pollen or dust mite allergy, and the treatment is the same as well.

The best way to avoid a mold allergy is to repair water damage in the home and wear a mask when working near damp areas, including when you rake the yard. When you get rid of the source of the mold, not only will your feel better but you will be protecting the structure of your home.

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Understanding Foodborne Outbreaks

A foodborne outbreak occurs when there are two or more cases of confirmed illness after consumption of a specific food product. These outbreaks involve the CDC as well as other public health officials and staff members try to control, manage and prevent these types of occurrences. Many times, investigative work is needed in order to determine the scope of the outbreak, the extent and the original source. Learning from each situation is what helps prevent these outbreaks from occurring again in the future.

Investigation

Once reports are made that a foodborne illness was contracted, public health officials work with regulatory officials to collect a large amount of data. They want to know what the food or product was that caused the illness, what were the symptoms, what was the outcome, what batch was this from and so on. This information will be used long term for better quality control and regulations that are enforced by the U.S. Sometimes a recall will need to be issued in order to prevent more people from getting sick. Often times, a warning is all that is needed.

Some data will point specifically to a foodborne outbreak and this includes:

-A pattern to the illness. Either all the cases were in a short period of time or from the same germ.
-A larger number of people are ill within the same area than normal.
-People who otherwise have no connection to one another are ill but ate at the same restaurant or purchased the same product.
-Common point of confirmed contamination.
-A certain germ of pathogen is found at a suspected restaurant or store.

Prevention

Ultimately, United States regulatory agencies want to protect the public and prevent foodborne outbreaks from occurring again. Investigation is important when an outbreak occurs, but ongoing research is also part of successful prevention. While not every case of foodborne outbreak is solved, many times there is at least a suspected source of the problem. This leads to better prevention at food producing facilities but also better prevention and investigation methods on a nationwide level.

Ongoing Reporting and Monitoring

An original complaint or report comes from a local or state level in most instances. From there, public health authorities will investigate the claim and involve the CDC when multiple states have become affected by a certain issue. Reports are compiled that include the number of illnesses that are present, hospitalizations, deaths, symptoms, toxins and chemicals that may have caused the issue.

Common symptoms of a foodborne outbreak typically include symptoms that are similar to food poisoning. Stomach upset, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, aches, etc. Seeking medical assistance can help reduce the severity and danger of the illness and can also lead to preventing other people from getting sick. It takes many different people to prevent foodborne outbreaks from occurring. It starts with the farms that produce our food and ends with the location selling and manufacturing our food. Proper quality control and agricultural practices are ideal for keeping everyone in the United States safe.

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The Difference Between Antiviral Drugs and Antibiotics

There is a wide difference between antiviral drugs and antibiotics, and you should know the effects of these two drug classifications on your body. The range of antiviral medications is narrow while the range of antibiotics is quite full.

Antiviral Drugs

The doctor may prescribe an antiviral medication for you if you suspect you recently were around someone displaying a viral illness such as flu symptoms. If you have good reason to believe you contacted a viral disease, but you are not yet showing signs and symptoms an antiviral medication may prevent you from coming down with that illness, or at least minimize the effect of that disease before it occurs.

An antiviral drug is effective, but only when administered at the first signs of contact or symptoms. An antiviral diminishes the development of the illness.

A few virus includes,

  • Standard coughs
  • Sore throats except for strep throat
  • HIV
  • Hepatitis B and C
  • Flu

There are a few drugs in the antiviral category. These drugs used short-term, are not profitable for pharmaceutical companies to research or keep to a high supply.

The antiviral drugs used in the treatment of HIV are in high supply and demand, because of the many people using them and the fact that this particular antiviral drug takes the HIV infection and turns it into a chronic, not terminal condition you can manage.

HIV is not necessarily a life sentence since these antivirals came onto the drug market. Pharmaceutical companies need to put more research into a larger variety of medications to fight other viruses.

If you develop a secondary infection from a virus such as you have the flu, now you develop pneumonia is the flu many times does, you need an antibiotic to fight pneumonia.

Powerful Antibiotics

If you contact a bacterial infection on the outside or inside of the body, the doctor may prescribe for you an antibiotic. There is a broad range of antibiotics on the marketplace today, each offering different targets of healing. Antibiotics kill the bacteria in your body that is making you ill. Antibiotics also stop these bacteria from multiplying and growing.

Doctors today are taught to use extreme caution in ordering patients antibiotics because research is finding more and more people becoming resistive to the usefulness of appropriate antibiotics because people are taking too much of a particular antibiotic and building up a resistance, thus, the antibiotic becomes useless in fighting off bacterial infections for you.

You may go to the doctors when you have a bad case of the flu, and you feel you need an antibiotic. However, the doctor will not prescribe an antibiotic for you because it will not help you get over the flu and in the end, the antibiotic makes your body more harm.

There is an extensive list of reasons why your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic such as but not limited to,

  • Ear infections
  • Strep throat
  • Sinus infections
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Wound infections
  • Diverticulitis
  • Colitis
  • Bronchitis
  • Pneumonia

Antibiotics also put up an invisible protective barrier between you and others around you once you have taken the antibiotic 24-48 hours.

Resistance to Antibiotics

  • Do not demand any antibiotics from your doctor if he or she feels you do not need them.
  • Never take antibiotics for viral infections.
  • Never demand an antibiotic every time you get the sniffles or a cough.

Antibiotics are powerful drugs and when used for the right reasons save lives. Take your antibiotic, according to your doctor’s orders. Never skip doses or incomplete an antibiotic because you feel better and think you are over the infection.

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