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What to do if someone has an asthma attack

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Asthma is a serious, yet treatable condition. Most people with asthma carry around their rescue inhaler at all times just in case they start having an asthma attack. In most cases, the inhaler will work and the person will be able to breathe. It is when a person with asthma suffers an attack and they don’t have their inhaler where things can become dangerous. If you are with a friend who is having an asthma attack and they don’t have their inhaler, there are a few things that you can do to help save their life.

Get Your Friend To Stop and Sit Up

If your friend is having an asthma attack, you should make them stop what they are doing immediately. If they continue doing what they were doing, it will only intensify the attack. Next, you should have them sit up as straight as possible. If they are bent over trying to breathe or if they are lying down, it can cause their breathing to become even more constricted.

Call For Help

Once you have your friend sitting up straight, you should call for medical attention. If you wait to call for help hoping that the attack will subside, you could be putting your friend’s life at risk. Even if they start to breathe better and the attack is over, they will still need to see a doctor after the asthma attack.

Give Your Friend a Hot, Caffeinated Beverage

If it is possible, you should get your friend a cup of hot coffee. This is not a cure, however, it can help to open the airway slightly. This will give your friend some relief and it will give them a fighting chance while you wait for help to arrive.

Advise Your Friend To Take Long, Deep Breaths

While you are waiting for help to come, it is up to you to help your friend control their breathing. You should instruct them to breathe in through their nose and out through their mouth. This can slow down their breathing which can make it easier to start controlling it. Also, it will keep your friend from hyperventilating.

Keep Your Friend Calm

If you ask anyone with asthma what an attack feels like, they will tell you that it is unbelievably frightening. If your friend is having an asthma attack, you need to try to keep them calm. If they are afraid that they are going to die while they struggle for breath, it can tighten the chest muscles which can make the attack even worse. You should do everything that you can to keep your friend calm until help arrives.

Get Your Friend Away From the Trigger

Asthma attacks are often triggered by something. Severe stress and anxiety can be triggers. A few other common triggers include cigarette smoke, pet dander, and dust. There are also chemical odors that can trigger an attack such as the smell of sulfur dioxide, ammonia, and chlorine gas. As soon as the attack begins, it is important to get your friend away from the trigger as quickly as possible. If the attack was triggered by extreme stress or anxiety, try to calm your friend down. If it was caused by an environmental trigger, you should get your friend to an area where the air is clean as quickly as possible. The longer the triggers remain, the worse the attack will be.

It is important that anyone who has asthma always carries their inhaler. If your friend is having an asthma attack and they don’t have their inhaler, the tips above could save their life.

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What is COPD?

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a very serious lung disease that causes breathlessness and can make breathing difficult. It is actually the combination of two diseases. The first is chronic bronchitis, which causes the airways that carry air to the lungs to become inflamed. It also causes you to produce more mucus than you should. When the airway becomes narrow, it can be difficult to breathe. The other disease that makes up COPD is emphysema. Emphysema causes damage to the air sacks that get larger and smaller as you breathe in and out. When the air sacks lose their stretch, less air goes in an out of the lungs, making you feel short of breath. COPD is a progressive disease that cannot be reversed when the damage to the lungs has been done.

COPD Symptoms

COPD causes a variety of symptoms that can make you uncomfortable and over time, the symptoms can make regular daily activities difficult. These symptoms include:

  • A constant, nagging cough that doesn’t go away
  • Feeling of breathlessness especially when you are exerting yourself
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Coughing up mucus

People who suffer from COPD often have flare-ups. These are times when the symptoms become worse and often require a visit to the hospital.

Risk Factors

There are certain risk factors that can make a person more susceptible to developing COPD than others. The most common risk factors include:

  • Tobacco Use: Smoking cigarettes, cigars, and pipes will all increase your chances of developing COPD.
  • Asthma: While asthma and COPD are completely different conditions, you have a greater risk of developing COPD if you have asthma.
  • Air Pollution: The air inside and outside of the home can cause COPD. Indoor and outdoor air pollution can also cause a COPD flare-up for those who are already suffering from it.
  • Occupational Hazards: If you work around high levels of dust or chemical fumes, you are at risk of developing COPD.
  • Family History: If a family member has COPD, your chances of getting it greatly increase.
  • Premature Birth: Premature babies often need to have oxygen therapy for long periods of time because their lungs are not fully developed. This can cause minor lung damage that can get worse later in life, and can cause COPD later.

Treating COPD

While it is impossible to reverse the damage that COPD has done to the lungs, it is possible to limit the symptoms, prevent and treat flare-ups, and improve your overall health. The most common treatment is Pulmonary rehabilitation. This treatment will train your heart, muscles, and mind to get the most out of your damaged lungs. Oxygen treatment, medication, and eating healthy are also great ways to help prevent flare-ups and keep the disease from progressing.

COPD Complications

While COPD can cause its own set of symptoms, it can also result in several complications that can be dangerous to your health.

  • Frequent Illness: COPD makes you more susceptible to developing colds, the flu, and pneumonia.
  • Heart Problems: While the cause is still unknown, COPD can put you at a higher risk for heart disease and heart attack.
  • Depression: The idea of being seriously ill and not being able to do things you enjoy can result in depression.
  • Lung Cancer: COPD puts you at greater risk of developing lung cancer.

COPD is a very serious disease that continues to progress over time. Unfortunately, there is no cure, however, there are treatments available which make it possible to live a full a life with COPD.

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Possible causes of autism


Combined Causes

It is very important that condemnation should not come prior investigation, as William Paley once pointed out. With that in mind, some have posited autism derives from several different things working together, rather than a singular distinct cause. Factors could include:

  • Frigid, Or Absent, Parenting
  • Too Much Technology Too Soon
  • Unproven Medical Techniques
  • Genetic Proclivities
  • Health And Nutrition
  • Poverty

Causes Examined

One of the originally suspected culprits of autism was defined as “refrigerator mother theory“. Autism and schizophrenia used to be often diagnosed together. Since then, mechanistic explanations have replaced the theory; but the basic concept is parents don’t properly bring up their children, resulting in this strange behavior.

It’s easy to see how there may be some level of truth in this. Imagine two parents who work online, and are part of the online gaming community. Imagine they have a young child who doesn’t receive proper levels of attention, as a result, and must initiate its own psychological coping mechanisms to feel loved and entertained.

This could very well produce an individual with an inward self-focus who isn’t good at socializing. Feral children have been linked to autism before; and neglect is the prime culprit. However, there are plenty of conscientious parents who love their children and do their best to socialize them, only to see a sudden change later.


There are those who include their children technologically. Smartphones and tablets can be very entertaining. Autistic children definitely love them, and those who aren’t autistic are likewise fascinated. A combination of lackluster parenting and over-stimulation of technology early on could be linked to autistic tendencies in later life, according to Psychology Today.


Another area seen to contribute to autism involves diet. Some foods are bad for those who have autistic behaviors. Gluten and cassein are often good to reduce in the diet of a child with autism.

Medical Complications

Inoculation theory is sound, but doesn’t always take into account certain chemical compounds sometimes contained in vaccines like Measles, Mumphs Rubella (MMR), such as thimerisal, which is mercury-based.

The FDA classifies mercury in greater quantities than 1 part per million as dangerous. While thimerisal has been removed from many vaccines, it still can be found in some. Also, CDC guidelines would have parents provide children 49 doses of 14 different vaccines by age six. If some of those have chemicals in them that are dangerous, it could adversely affect development.

Additionally, 49 vaccines in 6 years averages to a vaccine every 1.46 months. A vaccine introduces an inert antigen into the body’s immune system so the body can “learn” it and be better fortified for when a non-inert antigen infiltrates. What this leads to is a sickness, or pseudo-sickness, more mild than the full-blown sickness, after most vaccinations. Do that every six weeks or so until a child is six, and that could be bad for their developing immune system. It could over-tax it–especially if the child isn’t getting proper nutrition, has distant parents, is using technology too much, or part of a poor household.

When you add to that hereditary links seen to be involved in autistic development, it becomes more clear why autism has jumped from 1 in 10,000 during the 1980s, to about 1 in 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls as of 2014.

The solution? Well, there may not be one; but what you can do is have as close a relationship with your children as possible, allow ample time between vaccinations, restrict too much technology, and avoid feeding them too much gluten or cassein–depending on doctor orders, or course.


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Symptoms of gluten intolerance

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Symptoms of gluten intolerance

Gluten sensitivity, otherwise known as gluten intolerance can manifest worse than IBS like symptoms and stomach problems. It can affect other bodily processes and not just the digestive system. It wreaks havoc on your skin, the largest organ, bones, mouth, and endocrine system. You may have a myriad of symptoms that don’t make sense to the physician and may mean they are clueless you’re reporting back to them with symptoms of gluten sensitivity. The currently available drugs only tend to treat symptoms and looking taking care of the underlying issue. This is why doctors are quick to give medication that might only ease your current suffering.

If you feel that the physician is not attending to you like you would wish i.e. they don’t listen to you properly, then it may be time to visit a new doctor.

Below are some symptoms you would want to look keenly

Depression and anxiety

Depression is a grave concern for many. There are myriad symptoms of depression


  • Hopelessness,
  • Appetite changes,
  • Low energy,
  • Anger
  • Sleep changes

While some patients may need medical attention to correct the never ending imbalances with depression, others may not necessarily need. However, the underlying causes of depression are often not investigated. The study has confirmed that glutamic intolerance has a hand in anxiety, depression and mood disorders. The moment you remove gluten from the diet, depression, and anxiety shall have been solved.

Autoimmune diseases

Consumption of gluten has been linked to several autoimmune diseases. You can always know when autoimmune issues are developing before they can show up and their symptoms start to manifest. This will give you ample time to adjust your dieting and lifestyle to alleviate chances of developing full blown autoimmune disorder. Below is a list of some autoimmune diseases usually known to be relating to glutamic sensitivity.

  • Celiac diseases
  • Vitiligo
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Type 1 diabetes

Vital to mention is that this condition is very prevalent.

Low immunity

If you have noticed that the frequency in which you fall sick is relatively higher than normal, then think about gluten being an issue.

IgA is a group of antibodies which occur in the tears, saliva as well as the gastrointestinal tract. Reflect on this class of antibodies as your first line of defense whenever an infection comes to attack you. When you have a sensitivity to gluten, the first sign is a reduced number of IgA antibodies. This means you don’t have a proper defense in place to keep you safe.

Dental issues

Cancer sores, cavities, tooth decay and broken teeth are all indicative of gluten sensitivity. The levels of calcium of gluten sensitivity can be waveringly level due to malabsorption which may lead to weak bones and teeth. A DEXA scan is, therefore, imperative. It’s one of the surest ways of determining calcium levels and the overall health of your bones.

Migraine headaches

Though gluten doesn’t have a hand in all migraines, it has often been linked to many cases. A research was carried out to gauge the migraine headaches in individuals sensitive to gluten. In those with non-celiac gluten sensitivity, there was a report of chronic headaches on 56% of the individuals, 30% of those suffering from celiac disease and then 23% of the patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

The above are some of the symptoms of glutamic intolerance.


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Ways women can improve their health

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For the short answer on how to improve your health as a woman, learn to eat right and exercise properly. But that’s the case for everybody. More specifically, several areas of self-maintenance are worth considering for the conscientious female:

  • Cosmetics
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Hormonal Supplements
  • Synthetic Foodstuffs
  • Unhealthy Relationships


Paraffin wax–it can cause carcinogens in the home, which lead to cancer. The American Cancer Society has also issued certain warnings about cosmetics. Generally, relying on cosmetics can ultimately have pretty negative fallout. Even natural, organic substances constantly applied to the face and skin seep through the skin into the bloodstream. Additionally, they clog the pores, causing acne, moles, and more–depending on where you get the cosmetics. Some of the most effective cosmetics have moral ambiguity defining them too; like products designed from adipose tissue reaped from humans. Fat, human or animal, is often listed as “cholesterol” under beauty product ingredients.


Today’s culture has a pill for everything, and they’re virtually all bad. Anything that isn’t organic, but is either produced in a factory or a lab through a combination of chemicals, is liable to be bad for you. That’s just a good rule of thumb! Natural substances, or “drugs”, can be more “safe”; though they’re still not totally recommendable. Even alcohol is healthy in proper doses–but who is temperate? While a glass of wine a day has grape tannins that are good for your heart, a bottle a day dehydrates you and impacts your heart as well as your liver.

Women are often prescribed pharmaceuticals for a variety of conditions. What do these drugs do? Well, basically, they “fuzz out” a symptom which comes from a larger condition. The majority of depression comes from an external source that stimulates a psychological change. Dampening the impact of that psychological change doesn’t address what caused it; it just defrays the moment where that cause is confronted. Meanwhile, pharmaceuticals put your hormonal and digestive system out of whack, and can lead to severe health conditions down the line.

Hormonal Supplements

Birth control increases the chances of some cancers while decreasing the chances for others. This throws your body out of whack so much you don’t get a menstrual cycle. That isn’t healthy!

Synthetic Foodstuffs

Avoid processed foods. Avoid preservatives. Eat natural foods, not GMOs–rats have been shown to develop tumors from GMO corn. If you’re on birth control, pharmaceuticals, and synthetically-derived cosmetics, GMOs could be the straw that broke the camel’s back.

Unhealthy Relationships

A bad relationship will knock you out psychologically, predicating food abuse, substance abuse, pharmaceutical use, and lack of resources which force you into eating foods like GMOs. Make him put a “ring on it”, and hold out until he does. Take your time. If you’re not taking birth control, you’ve got an added incentive to refrain from physicality. Don’t be fooled: sexual chemistry can be manifested; it’s not a black-and-white scenario.

It’s like riding a bike. Until you learn how, you’ll be awkward. A new bike may be hard to ride even if you’ve ridden before; but if you work with it a bit, you get the hang of it. Sex is more like that than a black-and-white, either/or compatibility. Compatibility is determined by willingness on the part of both partners to put their significant other ahead of themselves. If your man can’t wait, then he may be using you.

Rounded Out Health

If you eat right, exercise properly, avoid unhealthy cosmetics, avoid unhealthy substances, and avoid unhealthy relationships, you can actually do a substantial job of reducing your likelihood of contracting a variety of female health issues.

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What causes a stroke

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A stroke happens when the blood supply to a section of your brain is reduced or interrupted thus depriving your brain tissues of nutrients and oxygen. If this continues for several minutes, your brain cells start dying. A stroke is a medical emergency that still kills people worldwide and should be treated with urgency. You can minimize potential complications and minimize brain damage if action is taken promptly. Knowing what causes stroke could be instrumental in treating and preventing a stroke.

Types of Strokes

There are two major ways in which a stroke can happen. One is caused when something causes bleeding in the brain and another when something blocks the flow of blood.

  • Ischemic Stroke

This is the most common type of stroke as it happens in 8 out of 10 cases of stroke. This kind of stroke happens when the blood vessel responsible for taking blood to your brain gets plugged. It also happens when there’s poor blood flow from an irregular heartbeat thus form a blood clot or when fatty deposits contained in arteries break off and move towards the brain.

  • Hemorrhagic Stroke

A Hemorrhagic stroke is less prevalent than an ischemic stroke although it can tend to be more serious. This type of stroke occurs when a weakened blood vessel in your brain leaks or when it balloons up and bursts. Taking too much blood thinner drugs and uncontrolled high blood pressure can also cause this kind of stroke.

  • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

Some few individuals experience this kind of stroke usually referred to as a “mini-stroke” which happens due to temporary blockage. Although TIA doesn’t cause permanent brain damage, it increases your chances of getting a full-scale stroke

Top Causes of Stroke

The following things can put you at risk of getting stroke;

Tobacco – Whether you’re chewing or smoking tobacco, you raise your chances of getting a stroke. Nicotine is likely to increase your blood pressure and cigarette smoke (even secondhand) makes fat build up in the main artery of your neck. Other than that, it thickens your blood thus making it more likely to clot.

Diabetes – Most people with diabetes are overweight and have high blood pressure and both these are risk factors for stroke. You’re also more likely to have a stroke when you have diabetes since diabetes destroys your blood vessels. The injury to your brain is also likely to be severe if you get a stroke when your blood sugar levels are high.

High Blood Pressure – Also known as hypertension, this is the most common cause of strokes. You may need to consult your doctor if your blood pressure is 140/90 or higher.

Heart disease – Atrial fibrillation or irregular heartbeat and defective heart valves increase your odds of getting a stroke. In fact, irregular heartbeat is responsible for causing 25 percent of strokes among the elderly. Fatty deposits can also lead to clogged arteries.

Family – Strokes can be hereditary. Your family could be sharing a tendency to get diabetes or high blood pressure. As a matter of fact, some strokes occur due to a genetic disorder blocking blood flow to the brain.

Age – Anyone can get a stroke and that includes babies in the womb. However, your odds increase as you grow older. After you pass the age of 55, your chances double up every 10 years.

Gender – Men are more likely to have a stroke than women of the same age. But at a later age, women are less likely to recover and more likely to succumb to stroke.


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How You Can Get STI’s and How to Prevent Them

Sexually transferred infection (STI) is the most current term used by professionals to describe the group of medial infections that are spread via sexual contact. Sexually transmitted infections do not consistently develop into a disease. People who have been diagnosed with an STI, may not have a sexually transferred disease (STD) but both involve a harmful bacterial or viral infection that is transferred by contact with infected body fluids. There are approximately 30 sexually transferred infections/diseases that have been identified across the world. Some of the more serious infections are well-known, and include gonorrhea, hepatitis, syphilis, and the HIV/Aids virus. There are lesser known diseases that are more widespread such as Chlamydia, HPV (Human Papillomavirus) and herpes. While these infections may be less serious than other STD’s, serious health consequences can arise if left untreated. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported record highs of STD cases in 2016 and the numbers continue to increase. For sexually active individuals, it is important to know the facts of how you get STI’s and how you can prevent getting them.

How STI’s are Transferred

The germs that trigger an STI are concealed in semen, vaginal secretions, blood, and saliva. Infections can be transferred by any contact with affected body fluids. While the transfer often takes place during vaginal, anal, or oral sexual activity, some infections, such as genital warts and genital herpes, can be spread during skin-to-skin contact with an infected individual. Trichomoniasis, the most common, curable STI, is a parasitic infection that can be spread by coming into contact with clammy, or damp materials, such as towels, wet undergarments, or toilet seats. Hepatitis B can be gotten from using the personal items of an infected individual, such as their toothbrush or razor.

STI Prevention

Abstinence, is of course, a proven method of eliminating the possibility of acquiring an STI. This is not a realistic option by most sexually active people in the United States, as indicated by the increasing number of STI/STD cases. Some sexual behaviors put people at a much higher risk of getting an infection. These behaviors include:

  • Having two or more sex partners
  • Not using a condom or dental dam when having sex
  • Having sex with a person who has had numerous partners
  • Sharing needles when using intravenous drugs

Besides abstinence, there are several ways to reduce the risk of getting an STI, which still allows someone to enjoy sex and intimacy with another. These include:

  • Engaging in a long-term monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested
  • Avoiding unprotected sex with anyone who has not tested negative for an STD in the last six months
  • Limiting the number of sexual partners that you have
  • Establishing that your partner has been tested if they have had new partners since their last test
  • Using a barrier method, such as a dental dam or condom, every time you have oral sex
  • Not engaging in sex with anyone who has genital sores, discharge, a rash, or any other symptoms
  • Using latex condoms correctly, and every time you have sex
  • Not sharing towels or undergarments
  • Washing or bathing prior to, and after, having intercourse
  • Getting vaccinated for hepatitis B

Several STI’s occur without any symptoms, so many people continue with sexual activity after becoming infected themselves, increasing the contagion with each new partner. Today, if one is sexually active, it is critical to take precautions if you want to stay healthy, and safe.

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What Is the Main Cause of a Heart Attack

Established Accepted Research Facts

Previously, researchers reported in error that only 50 percent of heart attacks were caused by risk factors such as smoking cigarettes or unbridled cholesterol. But now they recapitulate that the cause of 90 percent of all heart attacks occur because of nine risk factors that you as an individual have the ability to avoid.

Before listing the nine beasts that form the main cause of a heart attack, you should read and mentally acknowledge that these risks are equal opportunity killers. They attack men and women, young and old, black, white, Asian, European and American.

You cannot reverse the dangers that two of the risks affect, so there is no escape hatch built into the human body. However, you can affect a decrease of risk by adopting a lifestyle of diet, exercise and moderate alcohol consumption.

Validating Study

Salim Yusuf, MD, leading cardio scientist for the above-referenced study, conducted the study of 30,000 patients, 50 percent being first heart attack survivors, and 50 percent being healthy volunteers comprising similar age, race and gender to the first group of heart attack survivor patients. The study was performed in 52 different countries and on every populated continent, and concluded that it is definite that the same factors of risk and heart dangers causing a heart attack in a white European also causes a heart attack in an Asian.

Compiled Risks Causing Heart Attack:

That last risk being abstaining from alcohol might be puzzling. However, scientific studies show males who drink up to two alcohol drinks per day, and females who drink up to one per day do have lower risk of heart disease. One drink is four to five ounces of wine, a 12-ounce beer or one ounce of liquor.

Measure Your Risk by Your Waistline

Instead of figuring the traditional body mass index, the study researchers took waistline measurements. A waist of more than 80 centimeters or 32 inches in women produced increased risk of heart attack. In men, a waistline more than 85 centimeters or 34 inches increased their heart attack risk. The waist measurement is a better and more accurate predictor because it is abdominal fat. That is the type far closely associated with heart attacks.

Summarizing Risk and Effect

The limits of your cardiovascular specialist and cardiologist to protect you from dying of a multi-infarct lie in their ability to provide you with latest scientific data, professional advice and a preventive treatment program. If prevention does not work and you suffer a major heart attack, your cardiologist will prescribe a more aggressive treatment plan. If that also fails, then a cardio surgeon might have an opportunity to participate in your treatment by arterial stent implantation or open heart surgery.

They cannot push the carbohydrates and fats off your fork and are unable to shove you into a gym or nature walk regularly. Their medical background is extensive and grueling, but requires your participation to be effective.

The road you take depends upon whether you choose to travel to prevention of a heart attack or take the highway to the major heart attack exit.

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The Best Allergy Remedy for You


Allergies can be extremely annoying whether they are seasonal, environmental or food-based. Symptoms associated with these increase histamine levels can include a runny nose, stuffy nose, sore throat, itchy throat, itchy mouth, hives and much more. Some people have minimal allergies that just bring about some unwanted symptoms but other people can have life threatening symptoms associated with their allergies that bring about anaphylaxis. Having some allergy remedies on hand can help you feel better whether your symptoms hang around for a week or two each year or if your allergies are something that you have going on year round. Let’s take a look at some of the various allergy remedies that are out there so you can make an educated decision on what will work best for you:


Most of these medications are over the counter but there are a few different active ingredients that are used to reduce the overall histamine levels in your blood. When you come into contact with something you are allergic to whether you touch it or consume it, your body will produce histamines as an immune response. These histamines are what cause the allergic reaction symptoms and the amount of histamines in your body is a result of how much allergen you were exposed to and how allergic you actually are. These medications tend to work quite quickly but you will want to use them as early as you notice some symptoms of a reaction. Side effects sometimes include drowsiness but some people experience the complete opposite and become energetic. If you have a severe allergy of some sort you will want to keep one of these medications on hand at all times.

Allergy Immunizations

People who have been diagnosed with an allergy sometimes have the option of receiving allergy shots as a long term way to get rid of their allergies. Serum if injected into the body that contains very small amounts of the allergen. The concept is that the body will build up a tolerance to the allergen over time. These shots often need to be done every couple of weeks for a number of months in order to get results. You may not be completely free from your allergy but it can be greatly reduced using this method.


Some people who have severe allergies will experience a throat or chest tightening after coming into contact with their allergen. This is a very serious reaction and may require the use of an inhaler that will help open up the airways and help the person breathe better until they can get medical attention. These inhalers are prescription based but usually contain the medication Albuterol as the method for opening up the airways and providing relief for the time being. Sometimes the medicine must be used multiple times for adequate relief.


These rapid injections of epinephrine are used for people who have life threatening allergies. When they come into contact with the allergen they will have a fast response and can use an epi-pen to eliminate the risk of a life threatening reaction. These epi-pens are provided by way of a prescription and a doctor will usually determine whether or not a person needs this prescription after allergy testing has been done.

An allergy is never something you want to ignore or take lightly. You may have a minor allergy one day but then the next day it has become life threatening and you didn’t know it. Always avoid your allergen triggers if you can but be prepared in case you are exposed by accident and have an allergic reaction.

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The Difference Between a STD and a STI

Most of the time, when it came to sex talk, you would hear about STD or STI. These two were mainly interchanged, and you probably took no notice of it. Over the years, you might have started wondering if there is a difference between the two. If you go online, you will probably see STI more than you used to which will make you more confused.

Technically, there is no major difference between the two. However, you will find that most physicians prefer using STI than STD. Although they seem the same, here are some differences you can get from the two:

Infection and Disease

An STI is an infection that has not fully developed into a disease. Once the infection evolves n to a disease, it can then be called an STD. This is even more confusing. What is the difference between an infection and a disease?

When the body gets exposed to bacteria, a virus or microbes, the first step of the disease is an infection. When you have an infection, it is when the number of microbes is multiplying in your body, but you have no physical symptoms yet. However, infection is referred to as a disease when there are physical signs and symptoms that start disrupting normal body structure and function.

A good example of the two is if someone has the HPV virus and shows no symptoms, they are said to have an infection. However, if the symptoms evolve to a point where it is now something serious like cervical cancer, it can be called an STD.

Less stigma

STDs have been around for a while which makes them sound more serious. However, when you hear about STIs, they have less stigma around them. Also, since most STIs do not present any symptoms, most people do not know if they are suffering from them. An example for this is asymptomatic chlamydia that does not show any infections. Once the symptoms start manifesting, the person now has an STD. This will help them seek treatment if they have bacterial infections since they can be cured.

Symptoms of STDs and STIs

As you have seen earlier, STIs have no noticeable symptoms. However, STDs have some symptoms you can look out for:

  • Strange discharge from genital areas
  • Blisters around the genitals
  • Uncommon growths around the genitals
  • Pain while passing urine
  • Persistent itching or tingling sensation around the genitals
  • Pain in the pelvis or abdomen for women
  • Irregular periods
  • Pain during sex and bleeding afterwards
  • Pain in the testicles

Different STDs have different symptoms, and for some, they do not see the symptoms until it is too late. For some, you can see flu-like symptoms or rashes. For instance, for syphilis, there are painless sores.

However, scabies and pubic lice can also be spread sexually but are not sexually transmitted infections. If you are infested with them, you will experience a rash, scratching and possibly blood on your genitals due to the scratching.

Final Thoughts

While they appear different, STIs lead to STDs. This means you need to protect yourself from getting STIs and get tested whenever you have unprotected sex. There are different places you can get tested. You should not wait until the symptoms manifest so you can get tested. If you are unsure about your health, it is better to do it sooner rather than later. It is easier to treat STIs than STDs.

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