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Signs and Symptoms of Dehydration


Image is from Oregon Sports News

There is more to dehydration than just being very thirsty. When your body doesn’t get enough water, it cannot function properly. When you become dehydrated, it can be mild or severe. It all depends on how much fluid is missing from your body. It is normal to lose water throughout the day. It can happen when you sweat, when you cry, when you go to the bathroom, and even when you breathe. There are certain situations where you can lose too much water, and it can become a hazard to your health.

  • Diarrhea: When you have diarrhea, your intestinal tract cannot absorb water from the foods that you eat. Over time, this can result in severe dehydration.
  • Vomiting: If you have the flu or food poisoning, excessive vomiting can make it impossible to keep food and liquids down. This can quickly result in dehydration.
  • Excessive sweating: If you are sweating excessively, whether it be due to a fever, intense exercise, or being out in the hot sun, you can lose more water from your body than you can put in. This can quickly result in dehydration.
  • Frequent urination: There are certain drugs that can cause you to urinate frequently. Drinking an excessive amount of alcohol can also cause you to urinate excessively. This can cause you to become seriously dehydrated.

Signs of Mild Dehydration

If you become mildly dehydrated, you will experience a few minor symptoms. These symptoms include:

  • Thirst
  • A dry mouth
  • Dark, yellow urine
  • Dry skin
  • A mild headache
  • Muscle cramps

Signs of Severe Dehydration

The signs of severe hydration are more noticeable. These are signs that your body is becoming dangerously low on fluids and if you don’t replenish the water in your body soon, your health could be in jeopardy. Signs of severe dehydration include:

  • No need to urinate
  • Dark, yellow urine
  • Dizziness
  • Rapid breathing
  • Elevated heart rate
  • Sunken eyes
  • Fatigue
  • Lack of energy
  • Tiring very easily
  • Irritability
  • Confusion
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Low blood pressure

Treatment For Dehydration

The treatment for dehydration would depend on how dehydrated you are. If you are experiencing symptoms of mild dehydration, you would just need to sit down in a cool area and drink water. It can take drinking two quarts of water over a period of two to four hours to replenish the fluids that you have lost.

If you are suffering from symptoms of severe dehydration, you may need to seek medical assistance. In severe cases, you may not be able to get the amount of water that you need in your body fast enough by drinking alone. In severe cases, you should go to the hospital where you would be given IV fluids for several hours until you have replenished the water in your body.

How To Prevent Dehydration

Preventing dehydration is much safer than becoming dehydrated and then needing to treat it. There are several ways that you can prevent dehydration.

  • Try to drink 8 to 10 glasses of water each day. This will keep hydrated.
  • If you are vomiting, have a fever, or if you have diarrhea that lasts for longer than a day or two, seek medical attention. You may need IV fluids to keep from becoming dehydrated.
  • If you are going to be outside in the hot sun, bring along enough water. Try to drink 10 ounces of water every 30 minutes.
  • Drink water while you are exercising.

Dehydration can be very dangerous and in some cases, deadly. It is important to know the signs of dehydration and what you should do if you beleive that you are becoming dehydrated.


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Understanding High Blood Pressure


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For many, the closest they have ever come to understanding hypertension is the medical shows they watch. Unfortunately, some of these programs have inaccurate information and therefore cannot be trusted. Should you rely on them, you will be lost and find an entirely wrong information of high blood pressure. This will not give you accurate information about the disease and what it can mean to you. Understanding blood pressure is supposed to be a priority for all adults. Currently, the condition is endemic with one in three adults suffering from it. The following is a quick guide the disease and the treatments available.

What is blood pressure?

Essentially, blood pressure is the force with which blood circulates through your veins and blood vessels. The reading of your blood pressure is usually taken by an instrument known as a manometer, an instrument which looks like a strip of rubber attached to a thermometer. Alternatively, a sphygmomanometer is used for measuring the pressure. As your heart beats, your blood pressure records a variation in pressure i.e. maximum, scientifically known as systolic, and minimum, known as diastolic pressure.

What is classified as high blood pressure and low blood pressure?

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension is the instance where the blood pressure shoots from a regular rate of 90-119 systolic pressure and a diastolic pressure of 60-79 up to 120-139 and 80-89 in the case of prehypertension. As the condition advances, the blood pressure records 140-159 and 90-95 for systolic and diastolic pressure respectively. Low blood pressure is the instance where it is below 90 systolic over 60 diastolic.

Consequences of hypotension and hypertension

Hypertension can result in a variety of unpleasant things happening in your body. Some of the effects include

• Heart attacks

• Burst blood vessels in the eye

• Drowsiness

• Kidney failure

• Confusion

• Nausea

Causes of high blood pressure

Even though there is not yet a definite cause of the condition, some behaviors have widely been associated with it. The behaviors include

• Sedentary life

• Diets with a high content of animal fats and salt

• Unmanaged stress

• Obesity

High blood pressure treatment

Currently, there exist more than two hundred separate brands of medication which aim to solve the problem of high blood pressure. There has not been a single drug manufactured that can permanently cure the condition, and so doctors often prescribe a combination. After that comes a period of adjusting doses to achieve optimal effects on blood pressure while at the same time alleviating the side effects of the drugs used for treatment. The primary objective of the drug is to control the condition and not necessarily to cure it. Once you get the conditions and start using the medication, you are on drugs for life.

High blood pressure medication comes in four different classes, each of which has subcategories. The classes include

• Diuretics

• Beta blockers

• Ace inhibitors

• Calcium channel blockers

What’s the alternative treatment and control of high blood pressure?

Many people for lifestyle change in a bid to control and treat this condition. It is possible to reduce significantly high blood pressure. What would make this possible is diet adjustment, taking up daily exercise as well as managing stress. However, just as in medication, once you take up a lifestyle of healthy living, there is no going back.

High blood pressure is a condition that could catch up with just about anyone. Knowing about it will greatly help you to know how to take care of it.

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What Attracts Mosquitoes to Humans?


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Blood Connoisseurs

Some people just have all the charisma with vampire bugs. Mosquitoes prefer certain bloods. Approximately 10% of people are highly attractive to them. Is it how they wear their hair? Are mosquitoes like frat guys who have a particular “type”?

Well, the frat thing probably isn’t the case; the mosquitoes that bite you are female. This is because laying eggs requires blood–but not just your blood; she’ll settle for animals, too. It’s just, if she could have steak or a Slim Jim, she’s going with the steak every time. Wouldn’t you?

Unfortunately, if you’re attractive to mosquitoes, you can’t just “hide” from them. It’s in your genes, at some level. According to WebMD, only 15% of factors influencing mosquito susceptibility are in our control.

The 15% You Can Control

You can do a few things to ensure that only one out of the ten in your group bears the brunt of the mosquito assault. Things which attract mosquitoes and are controllable include:

  • High levels of cholesterol remaining on the skin’s surface after it’s been processed
  • Steroids
  • Excess amounts of uric acid
  • Large emissions of carbon dioxide

Mosquitoes can “smell” you from up to fifty meters. If you’re sweating profusely and exhaling profusely, you’re easier to smell. You’ll be putting off more carbon dioxide. The larger you are, the easier you are to smell, because you are putting off more carbon dioxide. When moving, your body may also begin to heat up. This likely also will produce higher quantities of uric acid through your sweat. And if you’ve used steroids to help you work out, it doesn’t matter how low your cholesterol is; the bugs will be after you. Additionally, the thing about cholesterol which attracts mosquitoes isn’t the aspect which may clog arteries in the wrong quantities. It’s rather how cholesterol is processed by your body, and the residue left on your skin after the fact. Since pregnant women are liable to produce more carbon dioxide than normal, mosquitoes love them, and will come in for a bite extremely often. This doesn’t bode well in areas where the Zika virus has been detected.

Repelling The Blighters If You Are In The 10%

Mosquito repellent with DEET will keep the bugs off you about five hours, but DEET is a chemical repellent which, though statistically minimally, has been known to cause medical issues in some. What’s becoming en vogue today are mosquito traps, which can knock mosquito populations down and help everybody; not just the guy with the tasty blood. There’s also permethrin-laced clothing, which puts the repellent chemicals on the garments rather than the body. Another means of cutting down on mosquito populations includes reducing areas of standing water. Water is where they breed–you’ve seen the little larvae jerking spasmodically around in puddles before. It does not take them long, either; and they’ll keep breeding where the water is. If they find water that isn’t in a pond, it’s to their benefit–there’s a decreased likelihood frogs will eat them.

It’s Not Just Zika

West Nile Virus, Malaria, Dengue Fever, and Zika are all diseases that result from mosquito bites. While most of those have only been seen in America among statistically minimal segments of the population, why put yourself at risk? It doesn’t matter whether or not you’re in the 10% of people more attractive to mosquitoes. The listed diseases affect all 100% of the humans who have been bitten. Granted, some will be affected worse than others, but prevention is still the best option. Eliminate standing water, dress accordingly, and use repellent. (There are organic repellent options.)

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