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Diuretics

Understanding High Blood Pressure

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For many, the closest they have ever come to understanding hypertension is the medical shows they watch. Unfortunately, some of these programs have inaccurate information and therefore cannot be trusted. Should you rely on them, you will be lost and find an entirely wrong information of high blood pressure. This will not give you accurate information about the disease and what it can mean to you. Understanding blood pressure is supposed to be a priority for all adults. Currently, the condition is endemic with one in three adults suffering from it. The following is a quick guide the disease and the treatments available.

What is blood pressure?

Essentially, blood pressure is the force with which blood circulates through your veins and blood vessels. The reading of your blood pressure is usually taken by an instrument known as a manometer, an instrument which looks like a strip of rubber attached to a thermometer. Alternatively, a sphygmomanometer is used for measuring the pressure. As your heart beats, your blood pressure records a variation in pressure i.e. maximum, scientifically known as systolic, and minimum, known as diastolic pressure.

What is classified as high blood pressure and low blood pressure?

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension is the instance where the blood pressure shoots from a regular rate of 90-119 systolic pressure and a diastolic pressure of 60-79 up to 120-139 and 80-89 in the case of prehypertension. As the condition advances, the blood pressure records 140-159 and 90-95 for systolic and diastolic pressure respectively. Low blood pressure is the instance where it is below 90 systolic over 60 diastolic.

Consequences of hypotension and hypertension

Hypertension can result in a variety of unpleasant things happening in your body. Some of the effects include

• Heart attacks

• Burst blood vessels in the eye

• Drowsiness

• Kidney failure

• Confusion

• Nausea

Causes of high blood pressure

Even though there is not yet a definite cause of the condition, some behaviors have widely been associated with it. The behaviors include

• Sedentary life

• Diets with a high content of animal fats and salt

• Unmanaged stress

• Obesity

High blood pressure treatment

Currently, there exist more than two hundred separate brands of medication which aim to solve the problem of high blood pressure. There has not been a single drug manufactured that can permanently cure the condition, and so doctors often prescribe a combination. After that comes a period of adjusting doses to achieve optimal effects on blood pressure while at the same time alleviating the side effects of the drugs used for treatment. The primary objective of the drug is to control the condition and not necessarily to cure it. Once you get the conditions and start using the medication, you are on drugs for life.

High blood pressure medication comes in four different classes, each of which has subcategories. The classes include

• Diuretics

• Beta blockers

• Ace inhibitors

• Calcium channel blockers

What’s the alternative treatment and control of high blood pressure?

Many people for lifestyle change in a bid to control and treat this condition. It is possible to reduce significantly high blood pressure. What would make this possible is diet adjustment, taking up daily exercise as well as managing stress. However, just as in medication, once you take up a lifestyle of healthy living, there is no going back.

High blood pressure is a condition that could catch up with just about anyone. Knowing about it will greatly help you to know how to take care of it.

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How Does Blood Pressure Medicine Relate to Health

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High blood pressure is a condition that, unfortunately, is a condition that many people suffer from. High blood pressure can result in serious health and heart issues. If left untreated, high blood pressure can result in death. When the doctor diagnoses you with high blood pressure, they will often prescribe a medication. There are several types of medications, and each one will have a different effect on your health.

Diuretics

Diuretics are a popular type of high blood pressure medication. They are designed to flush the extra water and sodium from your body. While diuretics can treat your high blood pressure, they can have adverse effects on your health, including:

  • Frequent urination: When the water is removed from your body, it has to go somewhere.
  • Erectile dysfunction: Some men have trouble getting erections when on these medications.
  • Weakness in the legs and cramps: Diuretics can decrease the levels of potassium in the body, which can result in leg problems. This lack of potassium can also result in fatigue.
  • Sudden, intense foot pain: While this is rare, diuretics can result in gout.

Beta-Blockers

Beta-blockers are commonly prescribed for high blood pressure. They make your heart beat less forcefully and more slowly. These medications are quite effective in treating high blood pressure, but they can cause certain side effects.

  • Asthma symptoms: Coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.
  • Unusually cold hands and feet.
  • Depression
  • Erection problems in men
  • Insomnia and other sleep problems

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor

This type of medication will prevent the formation of a hormone that causes your blood vessels to narrow, helping the vessels to relax. Many high blood pressure patients have had great success with this medication, however, there are some side effects.

  • A dry hacking cough that doesn’t go away. Patients who suffer from this side effect are often required to try another medication.
  • Skin rashes
  • Loss of taste

Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)

this is another medication that causes the blood vessels to narrow. It also allows your the blood vessels to stay open by shielding the blood vessels from dangerous hormones. Many patients are prescribed this medication and it has just one side effect.

  • Dizziness: This often occurs when you get up quickly. It is also often very mild.

Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)

This is a commonly used high blood pressure medication, which keeps the calcium from entering the blood vessel cells and the heart muscle. This allows the blood vessels to relax. There are a few side effects associated with this medication, including:

  • An irregular or rapid heartbeat (palpitations)
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Swollen ankles
  • Constipation

Alpha-Blockers

Alpha-blockers allow the blood to flow through the heart more easily by reducing nerve impulses to the blood vessels. Some of the side effects associated with this medication includes:

  • Fast heart rate
  • Dizziness and lightheartedness, especially when standing up quickly or waking up in the morning. This is due to a reduced blood pressure.

Alpha-2 Receptor Agonist

This medication is not prescribed as often as some of the other high blood pressure medications. It works by decreasing activity in the part of the nervous system that produces adrenaline. The side effects are very mild and rare. They include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness

There are many people who avoid taking high blood pressure medication in order to avoid dealing with the side effects. What they may not know is that the dangers of high blood pressure are much worse than the side effects that they may or may not experience. The medication that your doctor prescribes would depend on your particualr condition and any underlying health issues that you may have.

 

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