Toll Free: 1-877-335-2455
Fax: 877-889-9157

Ethnicity

How Diabetes Can Affect Your Eyes

examining-eye

Diabetes is a condition that occurs when your blood sugar is too high. This occurs because the disease makes it difficult for your body to make enough insulin or use it properly. There are two types of diabetes. Type I diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes and it occurs in children and young adults. This type occurs when the body doesn’t make insulin. The second type is Type II diabetes. This type can occur at any age and it is caused if your body doesn’t make insulin or if it doesn’t use it well.

If not treated properly, diabetes can cause serious health problems including:

  • Kidney disease
  • Food problems
  • Nerve damage
  • Dental problems
  • Stroke
  • Heart disease
  • Eye problems

What Is Diabetic Eye Disease?

Diabetic eye disease is more than one disease that can affect people who suffer from diabetes. People who don’t keep their diabetes under control are at greater risk of eye complications. Also, each of the conditions can cause serious vision loss and even blindness. If you suffer from diabetes, it is important that you understand each of the diseases and what they can do to your eyes.

  • Diabetic Retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss and blindness in people who have diabetes. The condition affects the blood vessels in the retina, which lines the back of the eye. If your blood sugar is often high, it can cause damage to the retina’s tiny blood vessels. This can result in the blood vessels bleeding or leaking fluid which can cause distortions in the vision. When the condition progresses, it can result in scarring and cell loss in the retina, causing complete blindness. In many cases, vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy is irreversible. Early detection and treatment can reduce your risk of going blind by 95 percent.
  • Diabetic Macular Edema (DME): DME often occurs in people who have diabetic retinopathy. While it often occurs when the disease progresses, it can occur at any time. It is a build-up of fluid in the macula. This part of the eye is used for seeing straight ahead to read, drive, and recognize faces. Half of the people who develop diabetic retinopathy develop DME. If left untreated, it can cause vision loss.
  • Cataracts: A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s lens. When a person has cataracts, their natural lens would be removed and replaced with an artificial one. Anyone can develop cataracts, however, people with diabetes are two to five times more likely to develop cataracts than those who aren’t diabetic.
  • Glaucoma: Glaucoma damages the eye’s optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain. Glaucoma is often the result of high pressure in the eye, and it is very common in people with diabetes. Studies have shown that adults who suffer from diabetes are twice as likely to develop glaucoma than those who don’t have the disease.

Preventing Diabetic Eye Disease

The only way to prevent diabetic eye disease is to be vigilant when it comes to your blood sugar levels. You should also see your eye doctor every six months. The sooner a problem is detected, the sooner it can be treated, saving your eyesight. Many of the diabetic eye diseases won’t show any symptoms at first, therefore, it is very important that you see your eye doctor regularly.

Diabetes can wreak havoc on many of the body’s systems including your vision. The only way to prevent permanent vision loss and blindness is to check your blood sugar levels regularly and take the necessary steps to keep it at a healthy level.

 

 

Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Screen-Shot-2015-09-08-at-11.03.27-AM

Image is from Diabetes Research

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder which is characterized by, among other symptoms, a high concentration of sugar in the blood. With the myriad of disorders, the beta cells located in the pancreas find it hard to produce enough insulin to assist in the regulation of blood sugar levels. Diabetes occurs in two types, type 1 and type 2. Type one is caused by an autoimmune reaction that usually occurs in the pancreas while insulin resistance characterizes type 2. Type 2 can develop and result in the loss of beta cells. Both types of diabetes are chronic and incurable. However, they are treatable with insulin injections and dietary adjustments.

Diabetes is often seen in those who are over 30 years of age. The number of people who are diagnosed with these conditions keeps rising each day. This is attributed to the unhealthy lifestyles and dietary decisions that they take up. It is imperative to have some information on these conditions as it will be easy then to help the patients lead a better life. To get to know about these two closely related diseases, you must learn the difference between the two. Usually, people tend to confuse the two types of diabetes. However, they have different causes, and as such, different treatments. Taking medication for one type if you have the other, can be detrimental to your health and even lead to death in some instances.

Test for insulin levels

To begin with, you must discern the difference between the two types of diabetes. First, the level of the c-peptide of type 1 diabetes is very low while I type 2, the same is either normal or elevated. The level of c-peptides is a determinant of insulin levels in the blood. It is a more reliable way than just measuring the level of insulin itself.

Let’s look at the functional difference between diabetes type 1 and diabetes type 2

Type 1 diabetes

In type 1 diabetes, insulin is no longer produced by the pancreas since the beta cells have been destroyed through the process of autoimmune response. This is, essentially, to say the person’s body has rebelled against them and, particularly their pancreas, leading to the destruction of something that is desperately needed by the body. Without insulin, it ‘s hard for your cells to absorb the sugar into the bloodstream. This basically means the cells will be starved. If your body lacks insulin, your cells will no longer function properly, or worse, stop working at all. The people with diabetes in this category need to get regular insulin injections.

Type 2 diabetes

People with Type 2 diabetes have almost similar effects as type 1s although the type 2 patient gets the effect for a different reason. Here, the individual’s body is still producing. However, the insulin may not be absorbed properly. At other times, the absorbed insulin may not be sufficient for the amount of sugar present in the blood. Unlike with type 1, the patient in this type of diabetes may not even need insulin at all. Here, the primary factor that causes it is lifestyle choices including the kind of food you take. A significant percentage of people with type 2 are overweight though are factors have a hand too. The person often takes food high in calories and lives a sedentary lifestyle. Type 2 diabetes can, in many cases, be readily managed.

Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Risk factors of type 2 diabetes

Type-2-Diabetes-Risk-Factors

Image from the liberatehealth.us

Factors Listed

As a brief checklist, run over the following items and see how many describe your lifestyle:

  • Diabetes In The Family History
  • Gestational Diabetes In Family History
  • Ethnicity
  • Bad Nutrition In Pregnancy
  • High Blood Pressure
  • IGT
  • Increasing Age
  • Poor Diet
  • Lack Of Physical Activity
  • Being Overweight

Should you or a loved one be described by more than two or three of these items, consulting a physician about being at risk for Type II Diabetes makes sense.

Family History

If your family has a long history of diabetes, it is likely there are habits in eating which have sentimental or psychological value that could have been passed down to you. Additionally, you or a loved one may have genetic disposition which trends the direction of diabetes. Knowing whether or not this affliction has been part of your family’s history is a great way to determine whether or not there is inherent risk for the condition’s development.

Gestational Problems

If there is a history of gestational diabetes in your family, this is a very big indicator that the condition definitely exists in your family, and that you may be at increased risk of developing it.

Ethnicity

Believe it or not, your ethnic background could be a contributing factor for the same reason a history of diabetes in your family could be. Ethnicities are basically just expanded families, when the tree is traced back far enough; so this is really just an extension of that point.

Bad Nutrition During Pregnancy

There are a number of ways you can have poor nutrition throughout the course of a pregnancy. Ways to accidentally do this to yourself include eating too much junk food, not getting enough physical activity at key times during the pregnancy, or not getting fed well enough due to conditions like poverty. Again, and as a general rule, the more natural something is, the less likely you’ll develop a condition like diabetes by eating it in healthy amounts.

Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can indicate a lot of things. One of them happens to be Type II Diabetes.

IGT

IGT isn’t a supermarket, it’s an abbreviation for Impaired Glucose Tolerance. This is a condition wherein a person develops higher-than-normal levels of glucose in the blood. It’s not quite at the threshold of diabetes, and is a clear warning sign that Type II Diabetes is near.

Age

Your pancreas is a bodily component subject to entropy like you. The older you get, the greater your likelihood of developing diabetes.

Diet

If all you eat is meat and sugar, you’re on the diabetic train. Get minerals and vitamins in you. Fruits, vegetables, wheat that is not made from enriched flower, bananas (a good source of potassium)–in general, anything natural and/or unprocessed.

Physical Inactivity

You do not have to be fat and unhealthy in your diet to develop diabetes, excessive physical inactivity may also contribute to the condition.

Being Overweight

Not all diabetic people are morbidly obese. Some are actually quite muscular. Everybody has a different body, and factors inducing diabetic reaction are definitely variable. But one big indicator is being overweight. This can be combated with healthy diet and exercise, however.

Warning Signs

There are a lot of indicators which may indicate you or someone you love is at risk for Type II Diabetes. Diabetes can be prevented with proper diet and exercise, even if it is in a family’s history. At least, Type II Diabetes can. Type I diabetes is understood to be too severe. If you pay attention to available warning signs, you could save yourself years of discomfort and at-risk living.

Families in Canada order more medicines per human than any other area. The variety of medications marketed by companies is no doubt a contributing matter to recipe preparation abuse epidemic. Various remedies are used to treat Bladder combustion. Certainly it isn’t all. Kamagra is a preparation set to treat many upsets. What do you think about http://levitra-cost.com/levitra-20-mg.html? When you order medications like Kamagra you have to keep in mind about levitra 20 mg. More information about Kamagra available at levitra 20mg. Generally, both men and women are afflicted by sexual dysfunctions. At times another disease can cause to impotency. Preparatory to purchasing Kamagra or other generic, speak to your pharmacist if you have any allergies. Talk to your health care vocational any changes in libido you have skilled. Online pharmacy is a best way to find a physician in your area who treats this kind of disfunction.

Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,