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How Diabetes Can Affect Your Eyes

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Diabetes is a condition that occurs when your blood sugar is too high. This occurs because the disease makes it difficult for your body to make enough insulin or use it properly. There are two types of diabetes. Type I diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes and it occurs in children and young adults. This type occurs when the body doesn’t make insulin. The second type is Type II diabetes. This type can occur at any age and it is caused if your body doesn’t make insulin or if it doesn’t use it well.

If not treated properly, diabetes can cause serious health problems including:

  • Kidney disease
  • Food problems
  • Nerve damage
  • Dental problems
  • Stroke
  • Heart disease
  • Eye problems

What Is Diabetic Eye Disease?

Diabetic eye disease is more than one disease that can affect people who suffer from diabetes. People who don’t keep their diabetes under control are at greater risk of eye complications. Also, each of the conditions can cause serious vision loss and even blindness. If you suffer from diabetes, it is important that you understand each of the diseases and what they can do to your eyes.

  • Diabetic Retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss and blindness in people who have diabetes. The condition affects the blood vessels in the retina, which lines the back of the eye. If your blood sugar is often high, it can cause damage to the retina’s tiny blood vessels. This can result in the blood vessels bleeding or leaking fluid which can cause distortions in the vision. When the condition progresses, it can result in scarring and cell loss in the retina, causing complete blindness. In many cases, vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy is irreversible. Early detection and treatment can reduce your risk of going blind by 95 percent.
  • Diabetic Macular Edema (DME): DME often occurs in people who have diabetic retinopathy. While it often occurs when the disease progresses, it can occur at any time. It is a build-up of fluid in the macula. This part of the eye is used for seeing straight ahead to read, drive, and recognize faces. Half of the people who develop diabetic retinopathy develop DME. If left untreated, it can cause vision loss.
  • Cataracts: A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s lens. When a person has cataracts, their natural lens would be removed and replaced with an artificial one. Anyone can develop cataracts, however, people with diabetes are two to five times more likely to develop cataracts than those who aren’t diabetic.
  • Glaucoma: Glaucoma damages the eye’s optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain. Glaucoma is often the result of high pressure in the eye, and it is very common in people with diabetes. Studies have shown that adults who suffer from diabetes are twice as likely to develop glaucoma than those who don’t have the disease.

Preventing Diabetic Eye Disease

The only way to prevent diabetic eye disease is to be vigilant when it comes to your blood sugar levels. You should also see your eye doctor every six months. The sooner a problem is detected, the sooner it can be treated, saving your eyesight. Many of the diabetic eye diseases won’t show any symptoms at first, therefore, it is very important that you see your eye doctor regularly.

Diabetes can wreak havoc on many of the body’s systems including your vision. The only way to prevent permanent vision loss and blindness is to check your blood sugar levels regularly and take the necessary steps to keep it at a healthy level.

 

 

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Tips to help control stress

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Leading a stress-free life can be elusive in this day and age. Many factors exist that tend to cause different levels of stress. Such factors range from personal decisions to the surrounding environment. Regardless of your stage of life, it is handy to know how to go about the process of handling life’s stresses. Follow and implement the following tips.

Avoid Substance Abuse

Although this tip does not across all people, it would be handy to many others. Provided you are already using some kind of drugs or alcohol; it is necessary to cut that off your lifestyle. Continued use of drugs poses high chances of addiction. If you let that happen, you will end spending a big portion of your income buying drugs.

As a result, the whole process will become a vicious cycle. Instead of relieving, continued drug use will ultimately alleviate your stress levels as you lose your financial footing. To start with, one of the effective ways that would lead you to avoiding substance abuse is reducing the intake. In doing so, you would also want to receive professional assistance.

Get Enough Sleep

Ensuring that you get enough sleep is one of the ways you can use to manage and control life’s stresses. Fully relaxing during your sleep for the appropriate number of hours without any disruption will allow your body to relax and rejuvenate itself. Enjoying great sleeping hours requires you to ensure your bedroom is quiet and comfortable.

Preparing before sleeping is something you would also want to consider. Start by avoiding energy drinks or caffeine few hours before going to bed. At the same time, a shower or bath, or reading a book would relax and enhance your sleep. The other important aspect of having a meaningful sleep is maintaining a schedule.

Time Management

When you have a problem, the best way to deal with it is identifying and sorting out its root cause. From an analytical point of view, it is clear that poor time management usually leads to a lot of the life’s stresses. That idea points towards a clear solution. You need to plan out your days and tasks properly.

While coming up with a schedule, prioritize important tasks. If possible, you can go further by breaking down such tasks into blocks of manageable units. The approach will enable you to complete assigned tasks and avoid situations where tasks pile up and end overwhelming you.

Do Physical Exercises

A great deal of the life stresses that affect most people currently originate from their lifestyles regarding their daily physical activities. The number of individuals spend most of their working days seated all day with minimal physical activities. Such inactive bodies tend to produce stress-dealing hormones that are not good for the body.

As such, you can easily deal with that problem by engaging in regular physical activities or exercises for your body to metabolize the unnecessary stress hormones. In turn, you would end up refreshing your body, which leads to a relaxed and calm state of mind.

Healthy Eating

Always avoid taking solace in food whenever you are stressed. Instead, incorporate a healthy eating style at all times. Eating the wrong food or in excess amounts will still lead to other health complications that would only add up to your stress. Grains, vegetables, fruits, and lean protein should be constant portions in your food.

It is clear that you can handle life’s stresses. Having some sort of control over your life and keeping a positive attitude primarily summarize what you need. Ultimately, you will lead a happy and less stressful life.

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Understanding Type 2 Diabetes

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Type 2 diabetes is a life-long disease that affects the way your body handles the glucose in your blood. There are 27 million people in the United States who suffer from this condition and 86 million people with prediabetes.

What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?

There are several things that cause type 2 diabetes. Usually, it is a combination of a few of the causes.

  • Genes: Recent studies have shown that different parts of you DNA can affect the way that your body makes insulin, resulting in type 2 diabetes.
  • Being overweight or obese: If a person is carrying extra weight, it can cause insulin resistance, causing type 2 diabetes.
  • Metabolic syndrome: People who are insulin resistant often have high blood glucose, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, high triglycerides, and extra weight around the waist.
  • A liver that doesn’t function properly: If you have low blood sugar, your liver produces glucose. After you eat, your blood sugar will go up and the liver will slow down. Some people’s livers don’t function properly, so it keeps cranking out sugar even when it is not necessary.
  • Poor communication between cells: If the cells in the body send the wrong signals or they don’t pick up the signals, it can affect the way that the cells make insulin or glucose, causing diabetes.

Risk Factors

There are certain risk factors that won’t cause you to develop type 2 diabetes, but they can increase your chances of developing it.

  • If you are 45 years or older
  • If a parent, sister, or brother suffers from diabetes
  • People of certain ethnicity are more prone, including African-American, Pacific Islander-American, Alaska Native, Native American, Hispanic, Asian-American.
  • Prediabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Depression
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Having a baby over 9 pounds
  • Having gestational diabetes during pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • Too much sleep

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Many of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are so mild that they are unnoticeable. There are millions of people who have it and don’t know it. This is because many of the symptoms can be blamed on something else.

  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive urination
  • Blurry or cloudy vision
  • Irritability
  • Numbness or tingling in your hands and feet
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Wounds that don’t heal
  • Recurring yeast infections

Long Term Effects of Type 2 Diabetes

Over time, high blood sugar can cause damage and lasting problems. These include:

  • Heart and blood vessels
  • Eyes
  • Kidneys
  • Nerves
  • Would healing
  • Pregnancy

Diagnosing Type 2 Diabetes

There are a variety of tests that your doctor can perform to confirm your type 2 diabetes diagnosis.

  • A1C: This test determines the average of your blood glucose over the last 2 to 3 months.
  • Fasting plasma glucose: This test measures your sugar when your stomach is empty. You cannot eat or drink anything but water for 8 hours before the test.
  • Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT): This is a test that checks your blood glucose before and two hours after you consume a sweet drink. It tests the way that your body handles sugar.

How to Manage Your Type 2 Diabetes

You can still live a healthy life as long as your take the necessary steps to manage your diabetes.

  • Take your insulin faithfully
  • Take your diabetes medications that are prescribed by your doctor
  • Check your blood glucose often
  • Eat a proper, diabetes-friendly diet
  • Don’t skip meals
  • See your doctor for regular checkups and make an appointment if you are not feeling well

Type 2 diabetes can be a very serious condition if it is not diagnosed and treated properly. When managed properly, you can live a full and healthy life with this disease.

 

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