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urine drug test

Drug Testing

Drugs that you took yesterday or some weeks back are still in your system embedded in your blood, saliva, hair, sweat or urine. This is why different organization carry out drug test to find out if you test positive for the banned or controlled substances.

These organizations include;

•    Non-government schools for illicit drug use detection

•    Sporting bodies to detect the use of banned drugs in different competitions

•    Workplaces to detect use of illicit drugs

•    Police to detect if drivers have taken drugs or driving under the influence of alcohol

Drug test limitations

The drug tests can tell the exact amount of drugs that was used. They also do not measure the level of impairments except in breath testing for alcohol consumption. Positive drug tests must be confirmed by the accredited laboratories that are more accurate than the results from the point of collection. The point of collection testing results are timely. However, the labs can differentiate between the prescription and illicit drugs.

How long do drugs stay in the body?

People metabolize drugs differently, and the results from the tests are unique for each who is tested.  From this, you learn that two individuals can consume drugs at the same time and get a similar drug test but the results will be different.

Factors that influence the period stay in the body include;

•    Amount of drugs used

•    How the drug was used – injected, smoked or drunk, etc.

•    How often the drug is used

•    Drug tolerance

•    Age and gender

•    Drug strength

Types of drug test

Blood

The blood drug test is used to test for prescription and illicit drugs. The test can also be modified to detect specific substances in the blood. It can be used to confirm or instead of the breath test to detect alcohol in the system.

A blood sample is taken and tested in the lab. The test is used by sporting bodies, drug treatment centers, and the police. Detection after last use varies;

•    Amphetamines 4-8 hours

•    Cannabis 20 – 36 hours

•    Xanax 6 -20 hours

•    Cocaine 40 -90 minutes

Urine

This is used to test for prescription and illicit drugs though it can be modified to test for specific substances. A urine sample has to be provided that is tested on a dipstick. If it is positive, the sample is taken to the lab for further testing.

The test is used by sporting bodies, drug treatment centers, and the workplaces. Detection period differs;

•    Cannabis – 10 days for infrequent use and up to 30days for one who uses it frequently

•    Amphetamines 2-5 days

•    Opiates 2-4 days

•    Benzodiazepines 2weeks

•    Cocaine 2-3 days

Saliva

This is used to test for benzodiazepines, opiates, cocaine, methamphetamines and cannabis. An absorbent collector is used, and workplaces and police make use of this drug test. Detection times will depend on your metabolism, amount used and potency.

Hair

Hair strands from the crown are sent to the laboratory and used to test for some prescription drugs as well as illicit drugs. Mainly used by justice settings and sporting bodies. Can be used for chronic use as detection times can date back as far as several months.

To pass drug tests, you need to be sure that the alcohol in your system has metabolized before you drive. Drug test kits can be bought from pharmacies or online, and you can purchase one to test your drug level or that of a loved one especially if you are a worried parent.

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Liquid Chromatography / Tandem Mass Spectrometry in Urine Testing Lab

Liquid Chromatography / Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) offers today’s best, and accurate urine testing lab results. It combines the advantages of two complementary techniques; Liquid Chromatography and Tandem Mass Spectrometry techniques. High-performance liquid chromatography fractionates the sample to individual analytes while tandem mass spectrometry quantities the analytes.

The fractionating phase is a critical factor to the method’s excellent analytical specificity. Beyond the regulatory necessity, doctors improve patient care by analyzing urinary drug concentrations. Close monitoring of urinary drug concentrations allows regulation of dosing regiments to show the varying metabolic rates on the particular patient, thus improving and personalizing care.

Advantages of LC-MS/MS technology

LC-MS/MS drug testing technology has the highest;

  • Selectivity
  • Sensitivity
  • Accuracy
  • Precision

Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry offers an alternative drug testing approach that reduces off-line sample preparation needed in GC/MS because moderately nonvolatile compounds can be scrutinized.

With the right equipment, acceptable LC separations can be attained for the polar analytes such as alcohols, amines, and carboxylic acids. This characteristic ability to analyze a variety of compounds in a liquid phase renders LC an attractive laboratory method.

Choosing method for drug testing

There are four key factors to check when choosing method for drug testing:

  • Selectivity – The capability to tell between similar drugs. Similarities in the various drug’s chemical structure can cause false positives if you employ a drug testing method that has little selectivity.
  • Sensitivity – Is the gauge of the lowest drug concentration that can be precisely identified using the test.  The ideal testing technique can detect very low and very high drug concentrations. Low sensitivity causes false negative results. The least drug concentration that can be accurately determined is known as the cut-off.
  • Accuracy – A measure of the closeness of the test results to the real value. The accuracy of a drug testing technique is determined by the method of sampling, sample works up, analysis method, and data processing method.
  • Robustness and precision – The capacity of the testing technique to give reproducible results. The precision aspect is important in an extremely variable sample such as urine.

Testing procedure

Liquid Chromatography

Analytes flow through the carbon-based material (C18) packed steel tube. Compounds are separated in the Colum (a filter). The column has an 18 carbon chain that has a high affinity for drugs being tested and their metabolites, ensnaring them in the column.

The drug compounds are sequentially washed away from the filter as the organic solvent increases.

Figure (a) Different drug classes order

Mass Spectrometry

This aspect of testing uses three phases of separation, each occurring in a quadrupole (Q1, Q2, and Q3).

  • The drug compounds are filtered in the Q1 depending on their intact molecular mass, which is a chemical formula derived the number.
  • In Q2, the drug compounds are fragmented by using a cloud of gas that strikes the compounds and makes it break apart.
  • In Q3, the compounds’ fragments are analyzed based on their molecular weight. For all the compounds, we scrutinize two fragments that are unique to the particular drug.

The above process, triple quadrupole mass spectrometer, is known as the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). The process reduces the likelihood of false positives occurrence to almost zero because each drug has its molecular mass (parent ion), reaction time and fragment mass (daughter ion). Further, the process of using filters eliminates the effect of complex sample components that cause inaccuracy in an immunoassay.

Figure (b) Multiple Reaction Monitoring

At Premier Medical Laboratory Services (PMLS), we offer best LC-MS/MS urine testing lab results in our complex reference laboratory. To get the most accurate and timely urine testing lab results, call 1-877-335-2455.

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Pros of a Urine Drug Test

If you recently posted a job ad, hiring the most qualified applicant is a priority. In addition to finding a qualified applicant, you need someone who is competent and able to give 100% to the position.

To make the right hiring decision, including a urine drug test during the application process is beneficial.

Understandably, job applicants will not disclose recreational or serious drug use during the interview. Therefore, you need to take steps to ensure that the workplace remains drug-free and safe. Here are four benefits of a urine drug test.

  • Some job applicants may clean up their act in preparation for a urine drug test. However, most drug tests can detect drugs up to seven days, two days for marijuana.
  • There is only a 5% error rate with urine drug testing. Therefore, you can be confident in the results.
  • Since you’re requesting the urine drug test, you’re responsible for the cost. However, drug testing is relatively inexpensive compared to other types of testing.
  • When you need to fill a position quickly, you might consider hiring an applicant without conducting a drug test. Maybe you feel that it’ll take several days or longer to get your results. However, urine drug test results only take an average of 24 to 48 hours. Results can take longer if the applicant tests positive for drugs, as the lab will usually run the test twice.

Families in Canada order more medicines per human than any other area. The variety of medications marketed by companies is no doubt a contributing question to recipe preparation abuse epidemic. Various remedies are used to treat Bladder combustion. Certainly it isn’t all. Kamagra is a cure prescribed to treat many upsets. What do you think about http://levitra-cost.com/levitra-20-mg.html? When you order medications like Kamagra you have to mind about levitra 20 mg. More information about Kamagra available at levitra 20mg. Generally, both men and women are afflicted by sexual dysfunctions. At times another disease can cause to impotency. Preparatory to purchasing Kamagra or other generic, speak to your dispenser if you have any allergies. Talk to your heartiness care professional any changes in libido you have experienced. Online pharmacy is a best way to find a doc in your area who treats this kind of malfunction.

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Three Reasons to Outsource Urine Drug Tests

If you’re a medical provider, you’re sure to be familiar with the growing need for fast and accurate urine drug tests. As more and more businesses require the tests for future employees, it’s likely that the need will only increase. As a medical provider, you should therefore consider how you’re going to handle the increased need for UDC tests. One excellent option is to outsource your tests to a third party like Premier Medical. If you’re unfamiliar with the process of outsourcing these tests, read on to discover how doing so can benefit your medical practice:

1. Reliability: If not kept in safe conditions, urine tests can be tampered with such that they deliver inaccurate results. Patients can use vinegar or bleach, for example, to alter the test at home. Choosing a company like Premier to conduct the tests allows you to be sure they are done in a safe and sterile environment, leaving you confident in the results.

2. Volume: Companies like Premier Medical are prepared to handle a high number of patients at once, making it easier for clients to receive fast results when they’re in a hurry. Patients will appreciate your referral to a company like Premier when they see how quickly they’re able to obtain test results.

3. Range: A standard urine drug test covers only amphetamines, cannabinoids, cocaine, opiates, and phencyclidine. While it’s often the case that testing for these substances is all a patient requires, companies like Premier can offer customized and more in-depth testing should the need arise.

Families in Canada order more medicines per man than any other area. The variety of medications marketed by companies is no doubt a contributing problem to prescription medicament abuse epidemic. Various remedies are used to treat Bladder combustion. Certainly it isn’t all. Kamagra is a preparation prescribed to treat many upsets. What do you think about http://levitra-cost.com/levitra-20-mg.html? When you order medications like Kamagra you have to remember about levitra 20 mg. More information about Kamagra available at levitra 20mg. Generally, both men and women are afflicted by sexual dysfunctions. At times another disease can cause to impotence. Preparatory to purchasing Kamagra or other generic, speak to your pharmacist if you have any allergies. Talk to your heartiness care vocational any changes in libido you have skilled. Online apothecary is a best way to find a doctor in your area who treats this kind of disfunction.

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Outsource your Urine Drug Testing

In today’s world, urine drug testing is more prevalent than ever before. Many businesses now require drug tests for their employees, which results in a continual stream of people looking for fast, quick, and accurate test results. If you’re a medical provider looking to serve this clientele, you may want to consider outsourcing your urine drug tests to a reliable third party like Premier Medical. There are a number of benefits to outsourcing the tests to a company like Premier, the first of which is that you can rely on them for accurate results. If kept in poor conditions, urine drug tests can easily become unreliable (they can be altered using vinegar or bleach, for example) so it’s important to find a company like Premier whom you can rely upon to conduct the tests in a controlled environment. Additionally, with more and more patients needing urine drug tests, it’s valuable to have a company that can conduct a large number of tests at once. Lastly, outsourcing your tests to a company like Premier will help you deliver fast results to your patients, which can be of the utmost priority when patients need results for job interviews and professional obligations.

Being able to direct patients to a fast, safe, and reliable provider like Premier gives you a competitive edge over other medical providers, and will keep patients coming back to you for years to come.

Families in Canada order more medicines per person than any other area. The variety of medications marketed by companies is no doubt a contributing matter to recipe medicament abuse epidemic. Various remedies are used to treat Bladder combustion. Certainly it isn’t all. Kamagra is a preparation prescribed to treat many upsets. What do you think about http://levitra-cost.com/levitra-20-mg.html? When you order medications like Kamagra you have to think about levitra 20 mg. More info about Kamagra available at levitra 20mg. Generally, both men and women are afflicted by sexual dysfunctions. At times another disease can cause to impotency. Preparatory to purchasing Kamagra or other generic, speak to your pharmacist if you have any allergies. Talk to your soundness care professional any changes in libido you have experimental. Online pharmacy is a best way to find a physician in your area who treats this kind of malfunction.

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Pre-Employment Drug Testing Tips

Some job applicants feel that a urine drug test is an invasive, insulting practice. But from an employer’s viewpoint, drug testing makes perfect sense.

It is important that all workers think clearly and have full use of their mental faculties. This can reduce the number of workplace accidents, helping employers maintain a safe environment. Besides, when accidents happen on the job, employers often pay more for workman’s comp insurance. Additionally, the number of lawsuits against the employer may increase.

A urine drug test during the application process can alleviate this headache. But there is a wrong and a right way to go about testing.

1. Prepare applicants for testing when you post the job ad. It is your right to ask applicants to consent to a urine drug test. Understand, however, that they can refuse. To weed out applicants who will not agree to testing, make sure your employment ads include “subject to pre-employment drug testing,” or another variation. This way, applicants know what to expect before applying.

2. Conduct additional testing after hiring employees. Some applicants will stop using drugs long enough to pass a pre-employment urine drug test, and return to their old habits once hired. Since this is a possibility, conduct additional drug testing at random intervals, perhaps during the worker’s probationary period and then once or twice a year.

Families in Canada order more medicines per man than any other area. The variety of medications marketed by companies is no doubt a contributing problem to recipe medicament abuse epidemic. Various remedies are used to treat Bladder combustion. Certainly it isn’t all. Kamagra is a medicament prescribed to treat many upsets. What do you think about http://levitra-cost.com/levitra-20-mg.html? When you order medications like Kamagra you have to think about levitra 20 mg. More information about Kamagra available at levitra 20mg. Generally, both men and women are afflicted by sexual dysfunctions. At times another disease can cause to emasculation. Preparatory to purchasing Kamagra or other generic, speak to your dispenser if you have any allergies. Talk to your soundness care professional any changes in libido you have skilled. Online pharmacy is a best way to find a doctor in your area who treats this kind of disfunction.

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How a Urine Drug Test Can Help Your Office

There are many legal pitfalls a medical practice can find themselves involved in. With a growing increase of prescription pain medication abuse the need to drug screen patients is expanding. For this, along with the following reasons, drug screening should become a regular practice at your office.

Be Prepared For the Increased Regulation

Getting your office on board with utilizing regular urine drug test procedures for monitoring patients who are on certain prescriptions will have you ready for when your state regulates it. It’s important to have these sound habits instilled among your office and staff early on to help establish a foundation.

Legal Protection

When you are ready to start drug screening your patients you’ll be helping your practice to have an increased legal protection. With consistent screening you’ll become aware of any pending problems in a patient before they can get out of hand.

Create More Equality

You can level the playing field for your patients by randomly screening them. Rather than just testing the group at highest risk, those 15-18 years old, you’ll be testing all patients, equally randomly. This will help to give you better results and will establish a high-quality baseline on which you can improve if needed.

First Time Patients and Those with Early Refills

Most physicians will wonder about a patient’s use of a prescription at one point. One of the best ways to insure you know what is happening with the drugs you are prescribing is to test the patient. This will help you to establish a realistic measure for what the patient’s use is. This drug screening process will also help to establish that the history they disclose with you is accurate in regard to their drug background. In regards to early refills, a sound approach is to schedule a walk-in with the patient and perform a drug screen. This will help to ensure the need is legitimate and you’ll be able to make any adjustments for dosages that you need to.

Families in Canada order more medicines per person than any other area. The variety of medications marketed by companies is no doubt a contributing matter to prescription preparation abuse epidemic. Various remedies are used to treat Bladder combustion. Certainly it isn’t all. Kamagra is a medicament set to treat many upsets. What do you think about http://levitra-cost.com/levitra-20-mg.html? When you order medications like Kamagra you have to think about levitra 20 mg. More info about Kamagra available at levitra 20mg. Generally, both men and women are afflicted by sexual dysfunctions. At times another disease can cause to impotence. Preparatory to purchasing Kamagra or other generic, speak to your pharmacist if you have any allergies. Talk to your health care professional any changes in libido you have experienced. Online pharmacy is a best way to find a physician in your area who treats this kind of dysfunction.

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Facts about Urine Drug Tests

Urine drug tests are one of the most popular types of drug tests, and their usage is on the rise. Whether it’s for a job interview, sports team, or other reason, it’s likely that if you haven’t yet had to take or administer a urine drug test, you will at some point in the near future. Consequently, it’s worth knowing a bit about the science that’s happening behind the test. Read on for three facts that you may not have previously known about urine drug tests:

1. A standard urine drug test will test for amphetamines (speed, meth, crank, ecstasy), cannabinoids (marijuana, hash), cocaine (coke, crack), opiates (heroin, morphine, opium, codeine), and phencyclidine (PCP). A more extensive test might also include hallucinogens, inhalants, and anabolic steroids.

2. Though the likelihood of a false positive in a urine drug test is low, it is possible. Potential culprits include protonix, a prescription medication which can cause a false positive for cannabis, as well as certain over the counter cold medicines, which can result in false positives on the amphetamines test.

3. Though it’s results are among the most reliable forms of testing when conducted correctly, urine drug tests also run the risk of being tampered with, particularly through dilution or alteration of the specimen. Therefore, it’s critical that they’re properly administered and that the results are kept in a safe and sterile environment till analyzed.

Families in Canada order more medicines per person than any other area. The variety of medications marketed by companies is no doubt a contributing matter to recipe medicament abuse epidemic. Various remedies are used to treat Bladder inflammation. Certainly it isn’t all. Kamagra is a preparation set to treat many upsets. What do you think about http://levitra-cost.com/levitra-20-mg.html? When you order medications like Kamagra you have to bear in mind about levitra 20 mg. More information about Kamagra available at levitra 20mg. Generally, both men and women are afflicted by sexual dysfunctions. At times another disease can cause to impotence. Preparatory to purchasing Kamagra or other generic, speak to your pharmacist if you have any allergies. Talk to your health care vocational any changes in libido you have experienced. Online pharmacy is a best way to find a physician in your area who treats this kind of disfunction.

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Two Reasons You Should Be Using Urine Drug Tests

Chronic pain is on the rise and because of this doctors are prescribing more and more prescription narcotics. With the increase of these pills in households there has also been a rise in abuse of prescription pain killers. For this reason, doctors need to be vigilant in monitoring patients. One way to do so is with urine screening. Here are just a couple of benefits this testing offers.

Protection of Your Office

More than 20% of those patients who receive narcotics will allow their prescription to be used by other people. Some people, especially retirees, choose to sell their prescriptions to help make ends meet. This puts prescriptions out there in the hands of people who are using the drugs for recreational purposes. If you choose to drug test your patients you’ll have be able to know if they are testing positive for the medicine you’re prescribing them. Consider if your patient was selling their medicine and the buyer was severely injured in an accident while using. This could cause the prescribing doctor to be liable for the accident. If the prescription has been closely monitored by the state pharmacy as well as supplemented with urine drug testing, it would be hard to press the case.

Improved Patient Care

One of the best ways of insuring you’re taking the proper follow-up care with your patients is to follow up with your prescriptions. Some patients may sell their prescriptions while others may combine it with other substances such as LSD, ecstasy and cocaine. This can put their life at risk from cardiac problems or even overdose. If you’re looking to help protect against this one, of the most vital things you can do is to use urine drug tests. Of course, some patients are on to this and will take their prescription the day of the appointment while having sold off the rest. To help protect against this happening it’s important to send off a sample to the lab where they can test for metabolites. These will only appear after a patient has been on the prescription for a duration.

Families in Canada order more medicines per person than any other area. The variety of medications marketed by companies is no doubt a contributing problem to prescription medicament abuse epidemic. Various remedies are used to treat Bladder inflammation. Certainly it isn’t all. Kamagra is a cure prescribed to treat many upsets. What do you think about http://levitra-cost.com/levitra-20-mg.html? When you order medications like Kamagra you have to think about levitra 20 mg. More information about Kamagra available at levitra 20mg. Generally, both men and women are afflicted by sexual dysfunctions. At times another disease can cause to emasculation. Preparatory to purchasing Kamagra or other generic, speak to your pharmacist if you have any allergies. Talk to your health care vocational any changes in libido you have skilled. Online drugstore is a best way to find a physician in your area who treats this kind of disfunction.

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How Urine Drug Tests Can Help Your Medical Practice

The US appears by all accounts to be in the middle of an epidemic when it comes to drug abuse, specifically pain killers. Reports have come in showing pain reliever abuse to have increased over 100 percent in just the last five years. In addition to this, nearly twenty percent of all office visits to a doctor will result in a prescription for narcotics. You may be wondering why you should drug test your patients and if this is the case, but just take a look at some of these reasons for urine drug tests.

Objectivity in Prescribing

You’re prescribing narcotics to your patients and that means you need to document who is sticking by their prescription. Sending a drug test out to the lab can be one of the easiest ways to verify that your patients are utilizing the drugs you’re prescribing. Regardless of the age, a patient should be tested if you’re prescribing pain meds. Imagine what you would do if you find the urine is negative for what you’re prescribing but is positive for cocaine or heroin?

Moving Toward Standard Procedure

More states are cracking down on regulating prescriptions for narcotics and because of this it won’t be long before they require you to screen your patients. Many medical boards are already recommending this as a standard procedure.

Protection for Your Practice

You will want to protect your practice from lawsuits. With drug screening you can protect from legal problems. If this patient is selling their medication and the person who buys it gets involved in an accident the trail of drugs can lead back to the doctor. In order to prevent yourself from being implicated it’s good to have a record of tests showing that your patient has been taking the drugs that you have prescribed.

Families in Canada order more medicines per human than any other area. The variety of medications marketed by companies is no doubt a contributing matter to formula medicament abuse epidemic. Various remedies are used to treat Bladder inflammation. Certainly it isn’t all. Kamagra is a preparation preassigned to treat many upsets. What do you think about http://levitra-cost.com/levitra-20-mg.html? When you order medications like Kamagra you have to have in mind about levitra 20 mg. More info about Kamagra available at levitra 20mg. Generally, both men and women are afflicted by sexual dysfunctions. At times another disease can cause to impotency. Preparatory to purchasing Kamagra or other generic, speak to your pharmacist if you have any allergies. Talk to your health care vocational any changes in libido you have experienced. Online drugstore is a best way to find a doctor in your area who treats this kind of disfunction.

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