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Treatment of Fungal Diseases


Image is from Ensia

Fungi can live anywhere including soil, air, water, and other plants. Others also exist naturally in the human body. Even though some fungi are harmful and may cause serious infections, others are actually helpful. In the event that the harmful fungus invades the body, it is very difficult to terminate them and bring the body to its normal state. This is because they are able to survive in the environment and proceed to infect the individual trying to recover. This article focuses on the treatment of fungal infections. To properly understand the treatment of the infection, it is important to know the population at risk of being infected.

Who is at risk?

Fungal infections usually attack humans. They don’t pose a notable threat to the health of an individual when treated just in time and in the right manner. If you have an immune system that is generally weaker than a normal person, then consider yourself vulnerable to fungal infections. Same applies to individuals using antibiotics. Furthermore, it has been proved that diabetes and cancer treatments also exposes and individual to fungal infections.

Common fungal infections and how to treat them

  • Athlete’s foot

Otherwise known as Tinea pedis, athlete’s foot is one of the most common fungal infections today. This condition is mostly associated with athletes and sports since warm and moist environments provide a haven for the growth of the fungus. Such environments are sports equipment, socks, and even shoes. However, that is not to say that anyone else cannot be affected by athlete’s foot. You will find most cases of athlete’s foot in warm climates since it multiplies quickly.


The symptoms of athlete’s foot exhibit a variation from individual to individual. Some of the commonest symptoms however include:

  • Scaling and peeling away of the skin
  • Stinging, itching, or burning sensation in the affected regions
  • Cracking and peeling away of the skin
  • Redness and blisters on the affected area.
  • Softness of the infected skin.

Treatment and prevention

Note that not all itchy feet mean that you are suffering from athlete’s foot. There is a whole list of conditions which have itchy feet as a symptom, and as such you must not rush to conclude. To find out if there is fungus on the skin, doctors scrub out the scaling skin off the feet before inspecting it under a microscope.

Topical antifungal ointments do the treatment of athlete’s foot. However, when you are severely infected, you may need oral medication too. Besides, you will also need to keep your feet dry so that the fungi can die.

  • Jock itch

This is yet another common fungal infection though not as common as the athlete’s foot. They also thrive in warm environments which hasten their multiplication. They are mostly found in the regions groin, inner thighs, and even buttocks. It is mildly contagious and can be spread to another individual through contact.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Often times, you can identify jock itch by its appearance since it is very particular in its looks. The doctors can also scrap a part of the skin to confirm their diagnosis.

The treatment of jock itch is majorly using topical antifungal ointments and observing proper hygiene. Most cases are however improved by over the counter medication. Some may also require prescription medication, so avoid sharing objects like towels.

The above are some examples of fungal infections and how you can treat them. Noteworthy, is the fact that you should consider preventive measures rather than waiting to treat the infection altogether.



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Cataract Awareness Month


Image is from 2017 Senior Expo

There are nearly a quarter-million new cases of cataracts every single year in the United States alone. It’s a serious public health issue that tends to afflict older individuals and increase in prevalence with aging.

The majority of cataracts develop very gradually over many years, even multiple decades. The most common sign that you may be dealing with cataracts is blurry vision that persists over time.

Living with cataracts can be difficult since objects can appear quite blurry or out of focus. Cataract surgery that replaces your eye’s blurry lens with a clean, though artificial, lens is one way to deal with cataracts and get on with your life.

Raising Awareness About Cataracts

Because the incidence of cataracts, or blurring of someone’s lens, tends to increase with age, it’s no surprise that older individuals tend to swell the rolls on those undergoing cataract surgery.

In fact, the National Eye Institute found that a full fifty percent of octogenarians have cataracts so severe that surgery was warranted. After surgery many of these patients were able to experience dramatically improved vision and carry out daily activities without any difficulty.

Due to the way that cataracts develop, the onset of cataracts can affect one eye…and perhaps just the one eye. Many patients worry about cataracts spreading to the other eye but ophthalmologists tell us that that’s not possible. We shouldn’t worry about cataracts spreading like that.

Causes of Cataracts

The lens of your eye is the clear piece of your eye that helps to focus a light – and, thus, convey an image – to the retina of your eye. Having a clear lens is essential for having light hit the retina properly and your experiencing clear vision throughout the day.

Your eye works in a way that some people would find counter-intuitive since it works by sending light from your lens to the retina at the back of your eye. Most people think of everything as occurring in the front part of their eye yet the eyes are a more complicated organ than that.

Even the lens itself is positioned behind your eye’s pupil and iris, so the retina is quite far back. The retina is very sensitive to light – so, your lens need to be absolutely clear for your retina to accurately interpret the images in your environment.

It’s important that your lens remain clear because the lens has been implicated in depth perception. The lens adjusts accordingly for objects that are far away and those that are in the immediate environment. This underlines the importance of having a clear lens, and why cataracts can be such an issue for some.

Ophthalmologists think that the structure of the lens can alter slightly over time, and that this alteration might be what’s behind cataracts. Changes in the protein and water composition of your lens are likely behind the cloudiness that many experience with cataracts.

How Cataracts are Removed

Cataract surgery can revitalize your vision if you’re suffering from cataracts. The surgery is considered safe since over 90% of people report better vision after the surgery and, when following the doctor’s orders, the chance of post-surgical infection is quite low.

Most eye doctors will recommend cataract surgery only when an individual is older and having serious problems carrying out basic activities.

When someone can’t see the television or read the text on a page, or if cataracts are adversely affecting another chronic condition like macular degeneration, then cataract surgery might be recommended by your eye doctor.

Conditions like diabetes and lifestyle choices like smoking can increase your chances for cataracts. Regular eye exams are recommended.


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Signs and Symptoms of Dehydration


Image is from Oregon Sports News

There is more to dehydration than just being very thirsty. When your body doesn’t get enough water, it cannot function properly. When you become dehydrated, it can be mild or severe. It all depends on how much fluid is missing from your body. It is normal to lose water throughout the day. It can happen when you sweat, when you cry, when you go to the bathroom, and even when you breathe. There are certain situations where you can lose too much water, and it can become a hazard to your health.

  • Diarrhea: When you have diarrhea, your intestinal tract cannot absorb water from the foods that you eat. Over time, this can result in severe dehydration.
  • Vomiting: If you have the flu or food poisoning, excessive vomiting can make it impossible to keep food and liquids down. This can quickly result in dehydration.
  • Excessive sweating: If you are sweating excessively, whether it be due to a fever, intense exercise, or being out in the hot sun, you can lose more water from your body than you can put in. This can quickly result in dehydration.
  • Frequent urination: There are certain drugs that can cause you to urinate frequently. Drinking an excessive amount of alcohol can also cause you to urinate excessively. This can cause you to become seriously dehydrated.

Signs of Mild Dehydration

If you become mildly dehydrated, you will experience a few minor symptoms. These symptoms include:

  • Thirst
  • A dry mouth
  • Dark, yellow urine
  • Dry skin
  • A mild headache
  • Muscle cramps

Signs of Severe Dehydration

The signs of severe hydration are more noticeable. These are signs that your body is becoming dangerously low on fluids and if you don’t replenish the water in your body soon, your health could be in jeopardy. Signs of severe dehydration include:

  • No need to urinate
  • Dark, yellow urine
  • Dizziness
  • Rapid breathing
  • Elevated heart rate
  • Sunken eyes
  • Fatigue
  • Lack of energy
  • Tiring very easily
  • Irritability
  • Confusion
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Low blood pressure

Treatment For Dehydration

The treatment for dehydration would depend on how dehydrated you are. If you are experiencing symptoms of mild dehydration, you would just need to sit down in a cool area and drink water. It can take drinking two quarts of water over a period of two to four hours to replenish the fluids that you have lost.

If you are suffering from symptoms of severe dehydration, you may need to seek medical assistance. In severe cases, you may not be able to get the amount of water that you need in your body fast enough by drinking alone. In severe cases, you should go to the hospital where you would be given IV fluids for several hours until you have replenished the water in your body.

How To Prevent Dehydration

Preventing dehydration is much safer than becoming dehydrated and then needing to treat it. There are several ways that you can prevent dehydration.

  • Try to drink 8 to 10 glasses of water each day. This will keep hydrated.
  • If you are vomiting, have a fever, or if you have diarrhea that lasts for longer than a day or two, seek medical attention. You may need IV fluids to keep from becoming dehydrated.
  • If you are going to be outside in the hot sun, bring along enough water. Try to drink 10 ounces of water every 30 minutes.
  • Drink water while you are exercising.

Dehydration can be very dangerous and in some cases, deadly. It is important to know the signs of dehydration and what you should do if you beleive that you are becoming dehydrated.


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