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Cataract Awareness Month

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What is a Cataract?

A cataract is a clouding of the clear lens that filters light in your eye. Cataracts can interfere with your vision and can slowly develop over time or can enlarge quite suddenly. Cataracts are often diagnosed on routine eye exams, but sudden changes in vision should be reported to an eye doctor.

Symptoms of a Cataract

Signs and symptoms of cataracts can vary depending on the size of the cataract and how far advanced at is. Some of the most common symptoms of cataracts include:

  • Blurry or clouded vision
  • Light sensitivity
  • Problems with glares
  • Frequent eyeglass and contact lens prescription changes
  • Clouding of the middle part of the eye
  • Halo effect when looking at lights
  • Double vision in only one eye
  • Needing increased light to do activities such as reading, sewing, or puzzles

A cataract may start as a small spot of blurry vision in your eye and get noticeably worse as time goes on. Regular check-ups with your doctor will help to track the development of the cataract and come up with a proper treatment plan.

What Causes Cataracts?

While cataracts typically develop as you age, there are other issues that can lead to cataracts. Injuries to your eye or surgical procedures can damage the lens of your eye leading to cataracts later in life. Genetics and long-term medical conditions such as diabetes also increase your risk of developing cataracts.

Types of Cataracts

There are four different types of cataracts that you may be diagnosed with. These usually differ by how they develop as well as their location.

  •      Nuclear Cataracts

A nuclear cataract usually begins with a disturbance in your near-sighted vision. As the cataract develops, it will become yellow and more cloudy before becoming brown and will eventually cause a disturbance in both close and far vision.

  • Cortical Cataracts

Cortical cataracts will begin as white streaks throughout the lens that will eventually spread to the middle, causing more vision disturbance as more light is blocked.

  • Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts

This type of cataract typically starts a small opaque area towards the back part of the lens that sits directly in the pathway of the light trying to come through. Posterior subcapsular cataracts will often spread quicker than most and tend to affect reading vision and vision in bright lights. It often creates halos and glare issues.

  • Congenital Cataracts

Congenital cataracts are ones that a child is born with or they develop sometime during their childhood. This can often be the result of genetics, infection in the uterus, trauma, or medical conditions such as rubella or myotonic dystrophy.

Cataract Surgery

If your cataracts begin to interfere with your ability to read, drive, or perform routine daily activities, cataract surgery may be the best option for you. During the cataract surgery, the doctor will remove your clouded lens and replace it with a new clear lens that will significantly improve your vision.

Cataract surgery is very safe and is an outpatient procedure that does not require a hospital stay. Your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits or surgery with you if it is the recommended course of action.

While cataracts can cause significant problems with everyday life, they are most often treatable with surgery. If you have any vision disturbance or think that you may have a cataract, schedule an appointment with your eye doctor.

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Understanding Cataract

examining-eye

Image is from Medical News Today

What is a Cataract?

A cataract is a clouding of the clear lens that filters light in your eye. Cataracts can interfere with your vision and can slowly develop over time or can enlarge quite suddenly. Cataracts are often diagnosed on routine eye exams, but sudden changes in vision should be reported to an eye doctor.

Symptoms of a Cataract

Signs and symptoms of cataracts can vary depending on the size of the cataract and how far advanced at is. Some of the most common symptoms of cataracts include:

  • Blurry or clouded vision
  • Light sensitivity
  • Problems with glares
  • Frequent eyeglass and contact lens prescription changes
  • Clouding of the middle part of the eye
  • Halo effect when looking at lights
  • Double vision in only one eye
  • Needing increased light to do activities such as reading, sewing, or puzzles

A cataract may start as a small spot of blurry vision in your eye and get noticeably worse as time goes on. Regular check-ups with your doctor will help to track the development of the cataract and come up with a proper treatment plan.

What Causes Cataracts?

While cataracts typically develop as you age, there are other issues that can lead to cataracts. Injuries to your eye or surgical procedures can damage the lens of your eye leading to cataracts later in life. Genetics and long-term medical conditions such as diabetes also increase your risk of developing cataracts.

Types of Cataracts

There are four different types of cataracts that you may be diagnosed with. These usually differ by how they develop as well as their location.

Nuclear Cataracts

A nuclear cataract usually begins with a disturbance in your near-sighted vision. As the cataract develops, it will become yellow and more cloudy before becoming brown and will eventually cause a disturbance in both close and far vision.

Cortical Cataracts

Cortical cataracts will begin as white streaks throughout the lens that will eventually spread to the middle, causing more vision disturbance as more light is blocked.

Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts

This type of cataract typically starts a small opaque area towards the back part of the lens that sits directly in the pathway of the light trying to come through. Posterior subcapsular cataracts will often spread quicker than most and tend to affect reading vision and vision in bright lights. It often creates halos and glare issues.

Congenital Cataracts

Congenital cataracts are ones that a child is born with or they develop sometime during their childhood. This can often be the result of genetics, infection in the uterus, trauma, or medical conditions such as rubella or myotonic dystrophy.

Cataract Surgery

If your cataracts begin to interfere with your ability to read, drive, or perform routine daily activities, cataract surgery may be the best option for you. During the cataract surgery, the doctor will remove your clouded lens and replace it with a new clear lens that will significantly improve your vision.

Cataract surgery is very safe and is an outpatient procedure that does not require a hospital stay. Your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits or surgery with you if it is the recommended course of action.

While cataracts can cause significant problems with everyday life, they are most often treatable with surgery. If you have any vision disturbance or think that you may have a cataract, schedule an appointment with your eye doctor.

 

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National Safety Month

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Image is from WMC

National Safety Month is observed during the month of June. Every year, people are encouraged to become aware of the steps to reduce the likelihood of injuries and death caused by many different factors such as negligence, accidents, and more. If there is a special day for a certain awareness campaign, there is also a month-long observance such as this.

Every day, we are faced with the risk of getting injured that may eventually lead to sudden death. This is taking a toll not only on our families, but also on the economy in general as unexpected injuries are counter-productive. Moreover, safety is considered our basic need on top of food, shelter, and clothing. We all have an instinct to be safe, but some of us are not aware of the ways to ensure it.

What Must Be Achieved in National Safety Month?

There are months in which people become observant of a corresponding theme. For instance, December 25 is Christmas day, but the entire month of December is filled with Christmas themes such as Christmas messages, ads, events, and more. All these can slowly shape our culture.

Such is what must be achieved in National Safety Month. People should observed and practice all that are being propagated until they make it a habit to follow safety tips all the time. National Safety Month aims to shape our culture in order to make our community a safer place to live.

What Are the Safety Concerns Covered by National Safety Month?

Safety at Home

Our home should be the safest place we can resort to. However, this is not what happens all the time. Children are commonly the victims of accidents at home simply because they are too young to be aware of the risk involved in every kind of activity.

Falling is one of the most common causes of injuries at home. Although children are vulnerable to this kind of accident, adults can also become victims as they need to fix something at home like roof, ceiling, window, cabinet, curtain, ect. However, sometimes, falling causes death depending upon the situation.

Fire is also another common accident that happens at home. This is because some people are not aware of what causes fire at home such as prolonged charging of electronic devices, improper use of kitchen stoves, faulty electrical wiring, and so on.

Safety at Work

At work, injuries happen in many ways. In production areas, workers get injured because of improper use of dangerous machines. In construction areas, falling debris and slippery floors are the usual causes of accidents and injuries.

Aside from work-related activities, some accidents simply happen in company premises even outside working hours. Therefore, workers should be cautious not only during work, but even after work for, as long as they are still in the workplace.

Safety on the Road

Every year, around 1.3 million people die in road crashes around the world. This is a very serious problem which must be addressed not only by government authorities but also by private individuals.

Some people die on the road because of the negligence of other people. No matter how carefully you drive, there are some drivers who are not as careful as you are, and they may drag you to a situation you keep avoiding. Nevertheless, there are different steps to get rid of such incidents, so people must be aware.

Accidents are typically the result of being complacent. Sometimes, the lack of discipline causes this. All of these topics are what National Safety Month aims to address to keep people safe.

 

 

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World Health Day

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Image is from Easypromos

What is World Health Day?

The World Health Day is a global celebration by people from all over the world and is held each year on 7th April. The day is sponsored by the World Health Organization which held its first assembly in Geneva in the year 1948 and it was then that the World Health day was founded. It was first celebrated in 1950 and has been celebrated since. Each year, WHO carries out a variety of events that rotate around a specific theme. Some of the themes that have been used before are;

  • 2003- Shape of the future life
  • 2005- Road Safety
  • 2007- International Health Security
  • 2008- Protecting Health From Climate Change

The annual event is used to raise public awareness towards issues concerning health and safety. The theme is chosen to guide activities for the whole year. A good example is the Polio Eradication Theme which was in 1995, most countries are now free from polio due to the concerted efforts that were led by WHO.

WHO target global health issues from where programs are derived from and organized by WHO and other health organizations such as schools, NGOs and even governments. This day is celebrated to remember the establishment of WHO which is under the United Nations. WHO has played a significant role in combating diseases such as smallpox, TB, chickenpox and leprosy especially in developing countries.

Duties and responsibilities of WHO

  1. Promote development- poor health is mainly attributed to poverty, therefore, uplifting the economic status of a population leads to improved health.
  2. Strengthen Health Systems- In poor countries, the health systems are usually weak or lacking, WHO provides medicines, relevant technology and infrastructure to improve them.
  3. Reduce health risk- WHO is entrusted to reduce or avoid the outbreak of new or existing diseases.
  4. Promote research and gather information- WHO requires accurate data to set health regulations and therefore consults with world leading authorities and institutions to come up with technical guidelines.
  5. Enhance partnerships- by working with various governments and health organizations, information is easily shared and WHO can disseminate technical guidelines that are supposed to be used in building health systems
  6. Improve Performance- WHO is a large organizations with set goals and therefore it needs to constantly evaluate itself to ensure that it improves it performance by implementing results based management.

How World Health Day is celebrated

World Health Day is celebrated worldwide by governments and NGOs who organize activities that relate to public health issues so as to create awareness. Organizations that participate in this activities highlight their efforts through media reports such as press releases. Health authorities make their pledges in support of health issues in the domain. Other activities that are carried on include; debates on related topics, exhibitions, essay writing competitions and award ceremonies aimed at recognizing efforts of individuals and institutions in tackling health issues.

Why World Health Day is celebrated?

WHO focuses on increasing the life expectancy by promoting good health practices and some of the objectives of why the day is celebrated yearly are;

  1. To increase awareness on the causes and prevention of various diseases
  2. To provide detailed knowledge to the masses and relevant institutions on ways of preventing various diseases
  3. To encourage the vulnerable group of people to speak out and be heard by relevant authorities.
  4. To promote self-care among the people
  5. To encourage world health authorities to make their own effort in promoting the agendas of World Health day
  6. To protect families and other vulnerable people who are prone to diseases

 

 

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How Important are Your Eyes?

Image is from Think About Your Eyes

Although we at times take it for granted, seeing is undoubtedly one of the most important functions of the human body. The role played by your eyes cannot be underestimated at all since the eyes are helpful in almost all the aspects of your life. In many cases, the eyes have been referred to as the camera of the body. They have been likened to a camera for reasons such as:

  • Both devices perceive images
  • After gathering light, they both focus and transmit it through the lens
  • Both help in creation of images of the surrounding environment

Taking care of your eyes begins with knowing how important they are and the specific functions they have. Below is an outline of the importance of your eyes.

  • Color and Image Perception

As a sense organ, the eyes help in distinguishing different images and colors. The eye’s retina is a part that contains millions of light-sensing neurons called cones and rods. They are responsible for the perception of color details after which they convert the light into electrical impulses. The converted impulses are then sent to the brain for interpretation. The eyes give the vision needed for activities such as driving, reading and making decisions when you are required to choose from various things.

  • Production of Tears

Many people think that tears are only useful when they need to express their emotions like when they are happy or sad. Tears, however, have many other functions such as nourishment of the eyes, vision maintenance, washing away debris and lubrication. Your eyes have a tear system that involves three parts: the glands that form tears, the openings through which tears flow from the eyes and ducts that drain tears into the nose. The eyes are therefore very essential to the production of tears.

  • Keeping us safe

Sight is essential for safety and self-preservation. Life is full of dangerous obstacles, and the eyes help us avoid them. It would be very dangerous to walk around or do different things without the eyes. They are therefore very instrumental in ensuring your safety and provide awareness of any danger within our environment.

  • Connecting with the surrounding

You would never get to connect with the many things that happen in the immediate surroundings. Even if you hear about them, it would not be as good as it would be if you witnessed them occurring. Your eyes give you the ability to perceive movements as well as assess the intentions for different forms of motion. Eyes help in bringing out the beauty of the world around us. Most of our preferences depend on what we see. We like the things which are more appealing to our eyes.

  • Sensing

Other than perceiving images, your eyes help in sensing. There are times when one of your senses could be missing. When you have a cold, for instance, you tend to lose the sense of taste and smell. It, therefore, becomes very different to detect rotten foodstuffs which upon consuming would cause digestion problems. In such a scenario, the eyes take over this work. The only way to distinguish what is edible from the inedible would be by carefully scrutinizing the foodstuffs to identify traces of molds or any other indication of food spoilage.

Due to this, it is important to take care of your eyes. The best way of looking after your eyes is by visiting an optician regularly to get checked. Through this it will be easy to detect any issues and correct them before it is too late, maintaining your quality of life.

 

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